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Table 2 Absolute numbers and relative risks of death from avoidable causes for migrant versus native Dutch population by gender

From: Differences in avoidable mortality between migrants and the native Dutch in the Netherlands

List of conditions (ICD a -10 code) Absolute numbers of death b Relative risk c (95% Confidence interval)
  Men Women Men Women
Total mortality 6168 3316 1.18 (1.15–1.21) 1.12 (1.08–1.16)
Total avoidable mortality 2088 1318 1.15 (1.09–1.20) 1.10 (1.04–1.17)
Diseases of infectious origin 243 103 2.06 (1.81–2.35) 1.86 (1.53–2.27)
   Pneumonia & flu (J10-18) 77 42 1.25 (0.99–1.57) 1.13 (0.83–1.54)
   HIV/AIDS (B20-24) 80 8 3.03 (2.39–3.85) 2.20 (1.05–4.64)
   Liver cancer (C22) 46 26 2.33 (1.72–3.14) 2.49 (1.67–3.71)
   Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E (B15-19) 23 8 8.54 (5.28–13.8) 7.82 (3.50–17.49)
   Tuberculosis (A15-19, B90) 13 12 5.10 (2.80–9.28) 12.98 (6.85–24.61)
   Chronic rheumatic heart dis. (I 00-09) 4 7 3.28 (1.17–9.19) 5.71 (2.59–12.60)
Suicides (X60-X84, Y87) 280 105 1.04 (0.92–1.17) 0.89 (0.73–1.09)
Malignant diseases 151 286 0.63 (0.54–0.74) 0.56 (0.50–0.63)
   Breast cancer (C50) 0 172 -d 0.52 (0.45–0.6)
   Colorectal cancer (C18-21) 89 42 0.57 (0.46–0.70) 0.40 (0.29–0.54)
   Leukemia (C91-95) 54 31 0.82 (0.63–1.08) 0.75 (0.52–1.07)
   Cancer cervix uteri (C53) NA 35 NA 1.29 (0.92–1.81)
   Hodgkin Disease (C81) 4 6 0.52 (0.19–1.41) 1.26 (0.55–2.89)
   Cancer of testis & prostate hyperplasia (C62, N40) 4 NA 0.39 (0.15–1.06) NA
Acute & chronic conditions 1258 665 1.22 (1.15–1.29) 1.67 (1.55–1.81)
   Appendicitis & hernia (K35-38, K40-46, K56) 10 10 0.85 (0.45–1.60) 1.39 (0.73–2.64)
   Cholecystitis & lithiasis (K80-83, K91.5) 15 3 3.04 (1.79–5.17) 0.80 (0.26–2.53)
   Peptic ulcer (K25-28) 9 5 1.05 (0.54–2.03) 1.02 (0.42–2.48)
   Ischemic heart disease (I20-22, I24-25) 646 253 0.89 (0.82–0.96) 1.21 (1.06–1.37)
   Hypertension & cerebrovascular accident (I10-15, I61- 66, I67.4) 281 187 1.64 (1.45–1.85) 1.71 (1.48–1.98)
   Diabetes (E10-14) 254 184 3.10 (2.73–3.53) 3.99 (3.43–4.65)
   Epilepsy (G40-41) 32 15 1.51 (1.05–2.18) 1.15 (0.68–1.96)
   Asthma (J45-46) 11 8 2.72 (1.43–5.19) 1.76 (0.85–3.64)
Conditions related to maternity & neonatal period 156 159 0.94 (0.84–1.15) 1.21 (1.04–1.46)
   All Maternal deaths (O 00–99) NA 19 NA 3.37 (2.02–5.62)
   Congenital anomalies (P10-15, P20-21, P50-51, P95) 75 59 0.98 (0.77–1.25) 1.23 (0.93–1.61)
   Other neonatal deaths (P08, P22, P25-26, P28, P52-P94, P96) 34 29 0.38 (0.25–0.60) 0.97 (0.66–1.43)
   Neural tube defects (Q00-07) 25 35 1.12 (0.74–1.69) 1.55 (1.08–2.22)
   Birth trauma & asphyxia (Q10- 23.3, Q23.8-28, Q35-84) 22 17 0.90 (0.58–1.40) 0.41 (0.2–0.84)
  1. aInternational Classification of the Diseases
  2. bFor all migrant population combined
  3. cAll migrant groups combined compared to the native Dutch population, adjustment for age
  4. dNo cases