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Table 1 List of risk factors for falls derived from literature.

From: The development of a multidisciplinary fall risk evaluation tool for demented nursing home patients in the Netherlands

high age [13,14,16,17,32,37]
female gender [14,32,44]
weight (e.g. low BMI) [38]
previous falls [13-17,19,26-29,33-35,38,44,51]
dependency in activities of daily life [14,17,19,26,31,35-38,51]
acute disease(s) [2,38]
chronic disease(s) [43]
neurological diseases [19,32,44]
cardiopathy (e.g. heart failure) [20,42,44,45]
hart rate (e.g. arrhythmia) [2]
high blood pressure [2,26]
orthostatic hypotension [12,19]
medication (e.g. psychotropic, sedative, neuroleptic, antidepressive) [13,15,16,17,19,21,23,26-29,32,34,35,38,44,45,51]
polypharmacy [32,35]
alcohol abuse [37]
pain [2]
dizziness [19,37]
diabetes mellitus [13]
urine incontinence [38,41]
cognitive problems [13,19,35,40,45,51]
confusion [30,42,44,45]
depression [33]
fear of falling [34]
behavioural problems [15,17]
disturbed vision [20,38,39,42,44]
hearing problems [42,44]
independency of transfers [14,16]
disturbed balance [13,14,17,19-22]
bad quality of co-ordination [6,38]
mobility impairments [13,14,17-29,32,33,35-37,39,41,44,51]
muscle weakness [20]
arthrosis [32]
gait disorders [2,26-29,50]
wandering [14]
foot defects [35]
inappropriate footwear [46]
environmental factors [2,6,26,33,47-49,51]
assistive devices [14,30,31]
protective devices [2,47]