Skip to main content

Table 4 Multilevel logistic regression analysis, population who sought health care. Probability of receiving disability pensions, individual and contextual effects for those who sought health care.

From: The role country of birth plays in receiving disability pensions in relation to patterns of health care utilisation and socioeconomic differences: a multilevel analysis of Malmo, Sweden

  Women     Men    
Fixed effects Model A Model B* Model C* Model D* Model A Model B* Model C* Model D*
   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Living alone vs. married   1.62 (1.52–1.73) 1.62 (1.52–1.73) 1.63 (1.53–1.74)   2.30 (2.13–2.50) 1.81 (1.50–2.18) 2.30 (2.12–2.50)
Educational achievement (low vs. high)   2.04 (1.91–2.17) 2.04 (1.91–2.17) 2.06 (1.92–2.21)   1.94 (1.79–2.11) 1.94 (1.79–2.11) 1.95 (1.80–2.12)
Public GP visited    1.23 (1.15–1.32) 1.23 (1.15–1.31)    1.09 (1.00–1.18) 1.09 (1.01–1.18)
Public specialist visited    2.11 (1.98–2.25) 2.11 (1.98–2.24)    2.16 (2.00–2.33) 2.16 (2.01–2.32)
Private GP visited    0.95 (0.89–1.02) 0.95 (0.89–1.03)    0.76 (0.69–0.83) 0.76 (0.70–0.83)
Private specialist visited    1.03 (0.96–1.09) 1.03 (0.96–1.07)    1.04 (0.96–1.12) 1.03 (0.96–1.12)
Country economy:         
   High income     (reference)     (reference)
   Middle income     1.22 (0.75–1.98)     1.58 (1.08–2.33)
   Low income     0.76 (0.53–1.07)     1.24 (0.86–1.78)
DIC 29 633 26 390 25 769 26 248 21 151 18 859 18 722 18 722
  1. * Age-adjusted
  2. OR = odds ratio
  3. CI = confidence interval
  4. DIC = deviance information criterion