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Table 3 Multilevel logistic regression analysis, entire population. Probability of receiving disability pensions, individual and contextual effects.

From: The role country of birth plays in receiving disability pensions in relation to patterns of health care utilisation and socioeconomic differences: a multilevel analysis of Malmo, Sweden

  Women     Men    
Fixed effects Model A Model B* Model C* Model D* Model A Model B* Model C* Model D*
   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Living alone vs. married   1.72 (1.62–1.82) 1.72 (1.62–1.82) 1.73 (1.63–1.84)   2.64 (2.46–2.83) 2.64 (2.46–2.83) 2.61 (2.43–2.80)
Educational achievement (low vs. high)   2.14 (2.00–2.29) 2.14 (2.00–2.28) 2.19 (2.05–2.33)   2.12 (1.98–2.28) 2.12 (1.98–2.28) 2.09 (1.95–2.24)
Sought health care (yes/no)    2.45 (2.21–2.71) 2.49 (2.27–2.74)    2.09 (1.93–2.27) 2.08 (1.89–2.27
Country economy:         
   High income     (reference)     (reference)
   Middle income     1.34 (0.82–2.19)     1.61 (1.06–2.44)
   Low income     0.88 (0.68–1.14)     1.25 (0.88–1.78)
DIC 34 175 30 118 29 713 30 319 28 150 25 138 24 781 24 684
  1. * Age-adjusted
  2. OR = odds ratio
  3. CI = confidence interval
  4. DIC = deviance information criterion