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Table 1 Country of birth economic characteristics of individuals 40 to 64 living in Malmo, Sweden 2003 Country economies according to World Bank classification. Values in parentheses are percentages.

From: The role country of birth plays in receiving disability pensions in relation to patterns of health care utilisation and socioeconomic differences: a multilevel analysis of Malmo, Sweden

  Entire population   Country economy      
    High income   Middle income   Low income  
Women Total Sought health care Total Sought health care Total Sought health care Total Sought health care
Number of countries 141 135 32 32 27 25 82 77
Number of individuals 39 747 32 249 29 795 24 272 5 643 4 588 4 300 3 386
Disability pension 6 453 (16) 5 846 (18) 4 380 (15) 3 996 (16) 1 538 (27) 1 368 (30) 535 (12) 483 (14)
Median age 51 52 52 53 50 50 47 48
Living alone 19 337 (49) 15 601 (48) 15 229 (51) 12 279 (51) 2 627 (47) 2 155 (47) 1 477 (34) 1 165 (34)
Low education achievement 9 266 (23) 7 643 (24) 6 254 (21) 5 190 (21) 1 751 (31) 1 438 (31) 1 261 (29) 1 015 (30)
Utilisation of health care 32 249 (81) 32 249 (100) 24 272 (81) 24 272 (100) 4 588 (81) 4 588 (100) 3 386 (78) 3 386 (100)
Public general practitioner   15 233 (47)   10 677 (44)   2 414 (53)   2 139 (63)
Public specialist   14 170 (44)   10 397 (43)   2 104 (46)   1 668 (49)
Private general practitioner   10 453 (32)   8 157 (34)   1 306 (28)   990 (29)
Private specialist   19 197 (60)   14 934 (62)   2 686 (59)   1 577 (47)
Men         
Number of countries 140 131 33 32    102 74
Number of individuals 40 471 26 599 30 081 19 708 5 047 3344 5 322 3546
Disability pension 4 618 (11) 3 716 (14) 3 120 (10) 2 542 (13) 956 (19) 743 (22) 542 (10) 431 (12)
Median age 52 52 52 53 50 51 47 48
Alone 19 280 (48) 12 328 (46) 15 510 (52) 9 953 (51) 2 054 (41) 1 327 (40) 1 698 (32) 1 048 (30)
Low education achievement 9 147 (23) 6 344 (24) 6 925 (23) 4 793 (24) 1 201 (24) 833 (25) 1 021 (19) 718 (20)
Utilisation of health care 26 599 (66) 26 599 (100) 19 708 (66) 19 708 (100) 3 344 (66) 3 344 (100) 3 546 (66) 3 546 (100)
Public general practitioner   11 761 (44)   7 978 (40)   1 664 (50)   2 118 (60)
Public specialist   12 231 (46)   8 995 (46)   1 591 (48)   1 645 (46)
Private general practitioner   9 025 (34)   7 136 (36)   963 (29)   926 (26)
Private specialist   9 652 (36)   7 217 (37)   1 299 (39)   1 136 (32)