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Table 4 Age and sex specific rates of certification for severe visual impairment per 100,000 population due to diabetes, age related macular degeneration and glaucoma in 1990–91 and 1999–2000

From: Leading causes of certification for blindness and partial sight in England & Wales

  Diabetes AMD Glaucoma
  Year 1990 – 1991 1999 – 2000 1990 – 1991 1999 – 2000 1990–1991 1999–2000
All ages Both 1.99 3.84 24.41 31.78 5.43 5.91
  Male 1.75 3.44 15.28 19.96 4.59 5.31
  Female 2.15 4.15 31.82 42.44 6.00 6.32
0 – 15 Both 0.01 0.05 0.41 0.01 0.07 0.05
  Male 0.00 0.05 0.24 0.00 0.07 0.02
  Female 0.02 0.05 0.58 0.02 0.07 0.09
16 – 64 Both 1.26 2.05 1.48 1.01 0.55 0.55
  Male 1.31 2.26 1.29 0.91 0.65 0.76
  Female 1.19 1.84 1.61 1.10 0.41 0.34
65 – 74 Both 7.28 15.06 39.20 39.69 10.47 9.96
  Male 6.84 13.17 30.66 31.10 12.00 10.85
  Female 7.56 16.27 44.59 46.47 8.81 8.85
75 – 84 Both 8.27 17.08 213.50 251.53 47.85 44.14
  Male 6.93 15.03 184.86 208.76 52.18 50.98
  Female 8.65 18.18 221.81 275.70 44.34 38.75
85 and over Both 3.92 11.02 541.07 699.02 100.31 113.62
  Male 5.41 13.46 560.96 682.94 135.20 152.14
  Female 3.13 9.86 516.43 697.37 85.29 97.59