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Table 3 Area variance and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for individual variables and area low social participation regarding primary non-concordance with medication among 6 795 men from the Life & Health year 2000 survey, Sweden.

From: Individual characteristics, area social participation, and primary non-concordance with medication: a multilevel analysis

  Model i (empty model) Model ii Model iii
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI 80% IOR
Fixed effects        
Age        
   65–79 years    Ref   Ref   
   50–64 years    1.57 (1.18–2.09) 1.57 (1.17–2.09)  
   35–49 years    2.23 (1.64–3.04) 2.19 (1.61–2.98)  
   18–34 years    2.29 (1.67–3.13) 2.26 (1.62–3.16)  
Low educational level (yes vs. no)    0.87 (0.69–1.10) 0.87 (0.70–1.09)  
Financial strain (yes vs. no)    2.24 (1.82–2.75) 2.25 (1.84–2.76)  
Low self-rated health (yes vs. no)    1.58 (1.28–1.95) 1.58 (1.29–1.93)  
Low social participation (yes vs. no)    0.85 (0.69–1.03) 0.85 (0.69–1.03)  
Low trust in the health care system (yes vs. no)    1.37 (1.11–1.69) 1.38 (1.11–1.72)  
Area low social participation in tertiles        
   1      Ref   
   2      1.07 (0.80–1.43) 0.76–1.51
   3      0.83 (0.62–1.11) 0.59–1.17
Random effects        
Area intercept variance (SE) 0.034(0.033) 0.034(0.033) 0.036(0.025)
Median odds ratio 1.19 1.19 1.20
Intraclass correlation 1.0% 1.0% 1.1%
Deviance information criterion 3288 3148 3148