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Table 3 The relationships between drunkenness (2 to 3 times or more) and parental occupation among 11- 15 year olds in Europe and North America in 2001–2002, odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals1

From: The relationship between parental socio-economic status and episodes of drunkenness among adolescents: findings from a cross-national survey

  Boys Girls
  Parental occupation Parental occupation
  High Medium   Low    High Medium   Low   
   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI p2   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI p2
Belgium (Flanders) 1.00 1.24 (0.96–1.61) 1.40 (1.05–1.86) ns 1.00 1.35 (1.00–1.81) 1.69 (1.21–2.36) **
Canada 1.00 1.18 (0.84–1.65) 1.09 (0.75–1.59) ns 1.00 1.30 (0.96–1.75) 1.16 (0.83–1.63) ns
Croatia 1.00 1.25 (0.87–1.80) 1.44 (1.03–2.03) ns 1.00 1.01 (0.67–1.53) 0.80 (0.53–1.20) ns
Czech Republic 1.00 0.95 (0.72–1.26) 1.60 (1.18–2.16) ** 1.00 1.18 (0.86–1.62) 1.36 (0.98–1.88) ns
Denmark 1.00 1.33 (0.96–1.83) 1.29 (0.96–1.73) ns 1.00 1.21 (0.86–1.69) 1.05 (0.77–1.44) ns
Estonia 1.00 0.88 (0.65–1.18) 1.09 (0.83–1.43) ns 1.00 0.85 (0.61–1.19) 1.00 (0.74–1.36) ns
Finland 1.00 1.34 (1.03–1.75) 1.20 (0.89–1.63) ns 1.00 1.35 (1.04–1.74) 1.37 (1.02–1.85) **
France 1.00 0.73 (0.53–1.01) 0.76 (0.57–1.01) ns 1.00 0.44 (0.29–0.67) 0.76 (0.55–1.05) **
Germany 1.00 1.12 (0.83–1.52) 0.91 (0.65–1.27) ns 1.00 1.31 (0.95–1.81) 1.08 (0.76–1.55) ns
Greece 1.00 1.02 (0.71–1.46) 1.04 (0.72–1.50) ns 1.00 1.04 (0.68–1.60) 0.83 (0.52–1.31) ns
Hungary 1.00 1.41 (1.04–1.91) 1.55 (0.98–2.48) * 1.00 1.13 (0.81–1.56) 1.05 (0.70–1.60) ns
Ireland 1.00 1.03 (0.62–1.70) 1.63 (0.97–2.76) ns 1.00 1.61 (1.08–2.40) 1.45 (0.89–2.36) *
Israel 1.00 1.04 (0.77–1.40) 0.85 (0.59–1.24) ns 1.00 0.75 (0.50–1.12) 0.68 (0.43–1.07) ns
Italy 1.00 1.33 (0.87–2.03) 1.15 (0.72–1.84) ns 1.00 0.83 (0.53–1.30) 1.11 (0.67–1.84) ns
Latvia 1.00 0.77 (0.53–1.12) 0.81 (0.58–1.13) ns 1.00 1.12 (0.74–1.69) 1.17 (0.78–1.74) ns
Malta 1.00 0.66 (0.36–1.22) 0.89 (0.53–1.48) ns 1.00 1.16 (0.64–2.11) 0.80 (0.42–1.50) ns
Norway 1.00 1.05 (0.75–1.48) 1.29 (0.89–1.87) ns 1.00 0.92 (0.65–1.29) 1.52 (1.05–2.19) **
Poland 1.00 1.43 (1.09–1.90) 1.29 (0.97–1.70) * 1.00 1.03 (0.74–1.42) 0.69 (0.49–0.96) *
Portugal 1.00 1.11 (0.69–1.80) 1.43 (0.94–2.17) ns 1.00 1.48 (0.80–2.75) 1.60 (0.91–2.79) ns
Russia 1.00 1.22 (0.98–1.53) 1.46 (1.13–1.87) * 1.00 0.93 (0.74–1.17) 1.27 (0.99–1.63) *
Scotland 1.00 1.14 (0.81–1.60) 1.14 (0.85–1.54) ns 1.00 0.93 (0.65–1.34) 1.34 (0.99–1.82) ns
Slovenia 1.00 1.40 (0.99–1.99) 1.57 (1.12–2.19) * 1.00 1.42 (0.92–2.19) 1.11 (0.72–1.71) ns
Spain 1.00 1.16 (0.76–1.75) 1.31 (0.93–1.85)   1.00 0.98 (0.66–1.47) 0.75 (0.54–1.05) ns
Sweden 1.00 1.89 (1.21–2.96) 1.57 (1.11–2.22) ** 1.00 1.01 (0.65–1.57) 1.21 (0.86–1.71) ns
Switzerland 1.00 0.96 (0.66–1.40) 1.04 (0.71–1.51) ns 1.00 1.11 (0.70–1.77) 0.82 (0.51–1.33) ns
Ukraine 1.00 1.12 (0.73–1.73) 1.04 (0.82–1.34) ns 1.00 0.84 (0.57–1.24) 0.88 (0.68–1.13) ns
USA 1.00 1.22 (0.85–1.73) 1.25 (0.85–1.84) ns 1.00 0.91 (0.64–1.29) 1.00 (0.69–1.43) ns
Wales 1.00 1.45 (1.04–2.02) 1.24 (0.94–1.62) ns 1.00 1.09 (0.77–1.53) 1.21 (0.90–1.63) ns
All countries 1.00 1.08 (1.02–1.14) 1.15 (1.09–1.21) *** 1.00 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 1.02 (0.96–1.08) ns
  1. 1 logistic regression models. adjusted for age and family affluence
  2. 2 overall effect of the variable in the model
  3. * p < 0,05, ** p < 0,01, *** p < 0,001