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Table 2 Prevalence of the individual components of the metabolic syndrome and the syndrome itself by gender and gait speed impairment status, NHANES 1999–2002

From: Association between the metabolic syndrome and its components and gait speed among U.S. adults aged 50 years and older: a cross-sectional analysis

  Men Women
  Gait speed impairment    Gait speed impairment   
Metabolic disorder Yes (N = 332) % ± SE No (N = 503) % ± SE P value Age-adjusted P valuea Yes (N = 144) % ± SE No (N = 706) % ± SE P Value Age-Adjusted P valuea
Abdominal obesity 48.0 ± 3.4 53.4 ± 3.2 0.3128 0.5148 64.7 ± 5.2 67.8 ± 2.4 0.5827 0.2839
Hypertriglyceridemia 37.3 ± 3.5 42.8 ± 3.2 0.2035 0.6853 44.8 ± 5.1 42.5 ± 1.8 0.6813 0.3650
Low HDL cholesterol 31.7 ± 2.9 31.9 ± 2.2 0.9603 0.8271 44.2 ± 4.8 32.4 ± 2.3 0.0609 0.0001
High blood pressure or medication use 71.3 ± 3.8 59.6 ± 2.5 0.0182 0.2101 84.9 ± 4.3 68.6 ± 2.4 0.0035 0.1140
High fasting glucose or medication use 37.9 ± 2.4 31.7 ± 2.5 0.1333 0.3211 38.3 ± 4.6 20.4 ± 1.8 0.0005 0.0006
Metabolic syndrome 42.6 ± 2.7 39.2 ± 2.8 0.4330 0.4581 53.0 ± 5.2 44.5 ± 2.0 0.1166 0.0039
  1. NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; SE, standard error; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.
  2. aAge-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population.