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Table 4 Logistic Regression Models for Regular Smoking, Alcohol Consumption and Physical Activity

From: Determinants of a healthy lifestyle and use of preventive screening in Canada

Regular Smoker, N = 10,664
Cox & Snell r2 = 0.056
Hosmer & Lemeshow Χ2 = 12.6, p = 0.13
Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Total household income (reference = < $19,999)   
   $20–39,999 1.40 (1.14, 1.72) 0.002
   $40–59,999 1.32 (1.09, 1.61) 0.005
   $60–79,999 1.07 (0.88, 1.31) 0.496
   $80,000+ 0.96 (0.77, 1.18) 0.682
   Missing 0.62 (0.50, 0.77) <0.001
Education level (reference < secondary school)   
   Secondary school graduate 2.59 (2.29, 2.92) <0.001
   Other post-secondary 1.71 (1.51, 1.94) <0.001
   College/University degree(s) 1.45 (1.31, 1.61) <0.001
Age (5-year increments) 0.97 (0.95, 0.98) <0.001
Sex (1 = male, 2 = female) 0.93 (0.85, 1.01) 0.075
Marital status (1 = with partner, 2 = no partner) 1.16 (1.06, 1.28) 0.001
Rural/Urban (1 = rural, 2 = urban) 0.93 (0.84, 1.02) 0.130
Regular medical doctor (1 = yes, 2 = no) 1.25 (1.12, 1.40) <0.001
Body mass index (numeric) 0.98 (0.97, 0.99) <0.001
Alcohol Consumption > 12/wk, N = 10,677
Cox & Snell r 2 = 0.026
Hosmer & Lemeshow Χ 2 = 10.3, p = 0.25
Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Total household income (reference = < $19,999)   
   $20–39,999 2.98 (1.46, 6.04) 0.003
   $40–59,999 1.87 (0.93, 3.76) 0.081
   $60–79,999 1.27 (0.61, 2.62) 0.520
   $80,000+ 1.15 (0.53, 2.47) 0.723
   Missing 1.30 (0.61, 2.79) 0.498
Education level (reference < secondary school)   
   Secondary school graduate 2.08 (1.47, 2.93) <0.001
   Other post-secondary 1.15 (0.74, 1.79) 0.527
   College/University degree(s) 1.74 (1.24, 2.43) 0.001
Age (5-year increments) 1.23 (1.16, 1.30) <0.001
Sex (1 = male, 2 = female) 0.22 (0.16, 0.29) <0.001
Marital status (1 = with partner, 2 = no partner) 1.10 (0.83, 1.45) 0.508
Rural/Urban (1 = rural, 2 = urban) 0.95 (0.72, 1.25) 0.692
Regular medical doctor (1 = yes, 2 = no) 0.81 (0.56, 1.16) 0.245
Body mass index (numeric) 1.03 (1.00, 1.06) 0.033
Regular Physical Activity, N = 10,537
Cox & Snell r 2 = 0.023
Hosmer & Lemeshow Χ 2 = 2.8, p = 0.94
Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Total household income (reference = < $19,999)   
   $20–39,999 0.86 (0.70, 1.05) 0.145
   $40–59,999 0.98 (0.81, 1.18) 0.806
   $60–79,999 1.08 (0.89, 1.31) 0.446
   $80,000+ 1.33 (1.08, 1.62) 0.007
   Missing 1.65 (1.34, 2.04) <0.001
Education level (reference < secondary school)   
   Secondary school graduate 0.69 (0.62, 0.78) <0.001
   Other post-secondary 0.81 (0.71, 0.91) <0.001
   College/University degree(s) 0.90 (0.81, 0.99) 0.001
Age (5-year increments) 0.99 (0.97, 1.01) 0.104
Sex (1 = male, 2 = female) 1.09 (1.01, 1.18) 0.038
Marital status (1 = with partner, 2 = no partner) 1.17 (1.07, 1.28) 0.001
Rural/Urban (1 = rural, 2 = urban) 1.10 (1.00, 1.21) 0.047
Regular medical doctor (1 = yes, 2 = no) 0.92 (0.82, 1.03) 0.141
Body mass index (numeric) 0.98 (0.97, 0.99) <0.001
  1. CI = Confidence Interval