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Table 3 Home and automobile smoking bans by mother's sociodemographic characteristics*

From: Prevalence and predictors of home and automobile smoking bans and child environmental tobacco smoke exposure: a cross-sectional study of U.S.- and Mexico-born Hispanic women with young children

Characteristic Home Smoking Bans Automobile Smoking Bans
  Complete Ban No. (%) No/Partial Ban No. (%) P Complete Ban No. (%) No/Partial Ban No. (%) P
Country of birth    <.001    .001
   Mexico 118 (95) 6 (5)   107 (90) 12 (10)  
   United States 111 (78) 32 (22)   105 (74) 37 (26)  
Marital status    .013    .099
   Married 115 (92) 10 (8)   109 (87) 16 (13)  
   Live-in partner 44 (83) 9 (17)   37 (74) 13 (26)  
   Single/Widowed 52 (75) 17 (25)   51 (78) 14 (22)  
   Divorced/Separated 18 (90) 2 (10)   15 (71) 6 (29)  
Age, years    .306    .265
   <25 59 (86) 10 (14)   53 (80) 13 (20)  
   25–28 56 (84) 11 (16)   52 (76) 16 (24)  
   29–34 53 (82) 12 (18)   49 (79) 13 (21)  
   ≥35 61 (92) 5 (8)   58 (89) 7 (11)  
Education    .112    .157
   <High school graduate 98 (88) 13 (12)   80 (77) 24 (23)  
   High school graduate/GED 75 (80) 19 (20)   76 (81) 18 (19)  
   College/Vocational training 56 (90) 6 (10)   56 (89) 7 (11)  
Employment    .572    .089
   Employed consistently, full or part-time 130 (84) 25 (16)   129 (84) 25 (16)  
   Employed intermittently 28 (88) 4 (12)   20 (67) 10 (33)  
   Unemployed 71 (89) 9 (11)   63 (82) 14 (18)  
Percent of U.S. federal poverty threshold    .530    .103
   <100% 73 (85) 13 (15)   60 (74) 21 (26)  
   100–185% 71 (90) 8 (10)   68 (87) 10 (13)  
   >185% 70 (84) 13 (16)   69 (82) 15 (18)  
  1. GED = General equivalency diploma.
  2. *Some strata do not sum to 269 because of missing data.
  3. Row percent.
  4. Seven respondents were excluded who reported no family automobile; one excluded because of missing data.