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Table 4 Predictors of Diabetes Preventive Care Practices/Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics 1998–2001

From: Racial/Ethnic and social class differences in preventive care practices among persons with diabetes

Characteristic No Yearly Doctor Visit in Past Year No Eye Examination No Foot Examination in Past Year Smoking No Attempted Smoking Cessatione
  OR OR OR OR OR
  95% CI 95% CI 95% CI 95% CI 95% CI
Race (crude model)      
Black 0.5* (0.4–0.6) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.7* (0.6–0.8) 1.2* (1.1–1.4) 0.6* (0.4–0.7)
White 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0)
Hispanic 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.2* (1.1–1.3) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.1 (0.9–1.2) 0.6* (0.5–0.8)
Race (adjusted model)      
Black 0.6* (0.5–.7) 0.9 (0.8–1.0) 0.7* (0.6–.7) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.6* (0.5–0.7)
White 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0)
Hispanic 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 0.7* (0.6–0.8) 0.7* (0.5–0.9)
Health Plan Status      
No Health Insurance Coverage 2.1* (1.8–2.4) 2.0* (1.8–2.2) 1.5* (1.3–1.7) 1.3* (1.2–1.5) 1.5* (1.2–1.8)
Social Class      
SCL I 1.0d (1.0–1.0) 1.0d (1.0–1.0) 1.0d (1.0–1.0) 1.0d (1.0–1.0) 1.0d (1.0–1.0)
SCL II 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.4* (1.2–1.5) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.7* (1.5–2.0) 1.2 (0.9–1.6)
SCL III 1.3 (1.0–1.6) 1.7* (1.5–2.1) 1.6* (1.3–1.9) 2.8* (2.3–3.5) 1.3 (0.8–1.9)
SCL IV 0.8 (0.7–1.0) 1.2* (1.1–1.4) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.8* (1.5–2.1) 0.9 (0.7–1.2)
SCL V 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.3* (1.1–1.6) 1.2 (0.9–1.4) 2.4* (1.9–3.0) 0.8 (0.5–1.2)
Unable to Work 0.7* (0.6–.9) 1.4* (1.3–1.6) 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 2.8* (2.4–3.3) 0.7 (0.5–1.0)
Gender†      
Women 0.9 (0.8–1.0) 0.9 (0.9–1.0) 1.2* (1.1–1.3) 0.9* (0.8–0.9) 1.0 (0.9–1.2)
Age      
35–44 1.4* (1.2–1.7) 2.1* (1.8–2.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.3) 7.3* (5.9–8.9) 1.0b (1.0–1.0)
45–54 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.6* (1.4–1.8) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 5.4* (4.5–6.6) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
55–64 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 1.2* (1.1–1.4) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 4.0* (3.3–4.8) 1.3 (1.0–1.6)
65–74 1.0c (1.0–1.0) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.0c (1.0–1.0) 2.4* (2.0–2.8) 1.5* (1.1–2.0)
75–84 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.0a (1.0–1.0) 1.2* (1.1–1.3) 1.0a (1.0–1.0) 1.6 (1.0–2.4)
85+ 1.3 (1.0–1.7) 1.4* (1.1–1.7) 1.3* (1.1–1.6) 0.3* (0.2–0.6) 1.1 (0.2–5.0)
Insulin Use 3.4* (3.0–3.9) 1.6* (1.5–1.7) 1.9* (1.7–2.0) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)
Duration of Diabetes 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 1.0 (1.0–1.0)
Total 22543 23391 21119 23343 3152
  1. Probability of not receiving care practice is modeled
  2. * 95% CI excludes 1.0 Male Referent
  3. a Age referent 75–84 yrs., b Age referent 35–44 yrs., c Age referent 65–74 yrs. d SCL I used as referent e Model only includes smokers