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Table 2 Risk factors associated to HCV seropositivity

From: Correlates of HCV seropositivity among familial contacts of HCV positive patients

Variables HCV patients Contacts p *
   HCV positive HCV negative  
Intravenous drug addiction
Yes 14 (9,3%) 2 (9,5%) 2 (0,9%) 0,004
No 136 (90,7%) 19 (90,5%) 209 (99,1%)  
Blood transfusions
Yes 39 (26,0%) 1 (4,8%) 10 (4,8%) 0,996
No 111 (74,0%) 20 (95,2%) 199 (95,2%)  
Job at risk of contamination
Yes 7 (4,7%) 1 (4,8%) 8 (3,8%) 0,837
No 142 (95,3%) 20 (95,2%) 200 (96,2%)  
Surgical intervention with blood transfusions
Yes 28 (19,0%) 1 (4,8%) 8 (3,8%) 0,826
No 119 (81,0%) 20 (95,2%) 203 (96,2%)  
Dental care
Yes 112 (75,7%) 15 (71,4%) 154 (74,4%) 0,768
No 36 (24,3%) 6 (28,6%) 53 (25,6%)  
Hemodialytic treatments
Yes 0 0 1 (0,5%) 0,749
No 148 (100%) 21 (100%) 205 (99,5%)  
Tattoos
Yes 6 (4,1%) 2 (9,5%) 6 (2,9%) 0,111
No 142 (95,9%) 19 (90,5%) 204 (97,1%)  
Stable relationship with partner
Yes 123 (83,1%) 17 (81,0%) 142 (67,9%) 0,219
No 25 (16,9%) 4 (19,0%) 67 (32,1%)  
Intercourse with drug addicts
Yes 5 (3,4%) 2 (9,5%) 2 (1,0%) 0,005
No 141 (96,6%) 19(90,5%) 198 (99,0%)  
Journey abroad
Yes 62 (41,3%) 8 (38,1%) 74 (35,6%) 0,819
No 88 (58,7%) 13 (61,9%) 134 (64,4%)  
  1. * p value refers to tests of significance within the contacts' group