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Table 2 Association of neck and upper limb pain with psychosocial factors related to the responders' main job.

From: The impact of workplace risk factors on the occurrence of neck and upper limb pain: a general population study

  Neck and upper limb pain  
  No Yes OR (95% CI)
Control the way you work    
   None of the time* 103 (32.5%) 214 (67.5%) 1.0
   A little of the time 117 (37.6%) 194 (62.4%) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1)
   Some of the time 331 (46.0%) 388 (54.0%) 0.6 (0.4, 0.7)#
   Most of the time 653 (53.6%) 566 (46.4%) 0.4 (0.3, 0.5)#
   All of the time 522 (58.7%) 367 (41.3%) 0.3 (0.3, 0.4)#
Physically demanding work    
   None of the time* 333 (58.5%) 236 (41.5%) 1.0
   A little of the time 312 (57.1%) 234 (42.9%) 1.1 (0.8, 1.3)
   Some of the time 444 (53.8%) 381 (46.2%) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5)
   Most of the time 316 (45.3%) 382 (54.7%) 1.7 (1.4, 2.1)#
   All of the time 328 (39.3%) 506 (60.7%) 2.2 (1.8, 2.7)#
Tasks change during time in this job    
   None of the time* 441 (48.4%) 470 (51.6%) 1.0
   A little of the time 310 (52.3%) 283 (47.7%) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1)
   Some of the time 620 (50.7%) 602 (49.3%) 0.9 (0.8, 1.1)
   Most of the time 193 (50.5%) 189 (49.5%) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
   All of the time 157 (45.5%) 188 (54.5%) 1.1 (0.9, 1.4)
Job satisfaction    
   None of the time* 56 (40.6%) 82 (59.4%) 1.0
   A little of the time 105 (47.5%) 116 (52.5%) 0.8 (0.5, 1.2)
   Some of the time 297 (48.1%) 321 (51.9%) 0.7 (0.5, 1.1)
   Most of the time 835 (53.4%) 729 (46.6%) 0.6 (0.4, 0.8)#
   All of the time 446 (47.5%) 492 (52.5%) 0.8 (0.5, 1.1)
Supportive supervisors/managers    
   None of the time* 56 (34.4%) 107 (65.6%) 1.0
   A little of the time 150 (43.5%) 195 (56.5%) 0.7 (0.5, 1.0)
   Some of the time 346 (46.8%) 394 (53.2%) 0.6 (0.4, 0.8)#
   Most of the time 708 (52.3%) 645 (47.7%) 0.5 (0.3, 0.7)#
   All of the time 416 (54.4%) 349 (45.6%) 0.4 (0.3, 0.6)#
  1. * Reference category for calculation of odds ratio.
  2. # p < 0.05.