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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Stroke Patients According to Stroke Outcome

From: The effect of socioeconomic status on three-year mortality after first-ever ischemic stroke in Nanjing, China

  Death (n = 166) Survival (n = 640) p
  No. (%) No. (%)  
Mean age, y 77.2 ± 8.5 69.4 ± 11.3 <0.001*
Female 75(45.2) 182(28.4) <0.001
Current smoker 46(27.7) 141(22.0) 0.076
SBP (mmHg) 175.4 ± 4.6 143.5 ± 2.8 <0.001*
Diabetes mellitus 44(26.5) 112(17.5) 0.007
Hypercholesterolemia 54(32.5) 112(17.5) <0.001
Atrial fibrillation 112(67.5) 32(5.0) <0.001
Myocardial infarction 25(15.1) 31(4.8) <0.001
Prior TIA 24(14.5) 115(18.0) 0.286
NIHSS mean (IQR) 6.3(1–9) 5.3(1–9) <0.001†
Education    
   Illiteracy 58(34.9) 56(8.8) <0.001
   Primary school 55(33.1) 84(13.1) <0.001
   Junior high school 26(15.7) 188(29.4) <0.001
   Senior high school 8(4.8) 95(14.8) 0.001
   Technical training 6(3.6) 61(9.5) 0.014
   University degree 13(7.8) 156(24.4) <0.001
Occupation    
   Unemployed 23(13.9) 18(2.8) <0.001
   Manual worker 127(76.5) 256(40.0) <0.001
   Non-manual worker 16(9.6) 366(57.2) <0.001
Income    
   0 yuan 63(38.0) 27(5.8) <0.001
   <1000 yuan 75(45.2) 185(28.9) <0.001
   ≥ 1000 yuan 28(16.9) 428(66.9) <0.001
Housing space    
   < 10 m2/person 17(10.2) 6(0.9) <0.001
   10 to 20 m2/person 44(26.5) 87(13.6) <0.001
   20 to 40 m2/person 42(25.3) 197(30.8) 0.168
   ≥ 40 m2/person 63(38.0) 350(54.7) <0.001
  1. p values are based on x 2test.
  2. * p values are based on ANNOVA test.
  3. p values are based on Mann-Whitney U test.