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Table 4 Association of working poverty with unmet mental health need using Wave 1 (1999) subsample (N = 4184)

From: The effects of economic deprivation on psychological well-being among the working population of Switzerland

Variable Unadjusted Model Odds Ratio (95% CI) Model Adjusted for Covariates Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Working Poverty   
   Financially deficient (FD) 1.10 (.82 – 1.48) 0.87 (.55 – 1.41)
   Restricted standard of living (RSL) 2.28 (1.75 – 2.95)*** 1.55 (1.17 – 2.06)**
   Both FD & RSL 1.42 (0.93 – 2.17) 1.11 (.73 – 1.69)
   Working non-poor -- Ref.
Adjustment Variables   
   Age -- .99 (.98 – .99)*
   Female Sex -- 1.71 (1.40 – 2.08)***
   Education (apprentice or more) -- .90 (.72 – 1.40)
   Married -- .82 (.67 – 1.01)
   Divorced -- .92 (.68 – 1.25)
   Single -- Ref.
   German -- .47 (.33 – .65)***
   French -- .70 (.50 – .99)*
   Italian -- Ref.
   Full-time -- 1.03 (.85 – 1.25)
   Self-employed -- 1.22 (.93 – 1.58)
   Professional -- 1.15 (.80 – 1.64)
   Clerical -- 1.20 (.84 – 1.70)
   Service -- 1.33 (.97 – 1.83)
   Other -- Ref.
   Risk of unemployment -- 1.07 (1.04 – 1.10)***
   Treimans Prestige Scale -- 1.00 (.99 – 1.01)
   Health (healthy/very healthy) -- .37 (.31 – .46)***
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001