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Table 9 Age-adjusted hazard rate ratios (HRRs) of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, by the life course socioeconomic position (LCSEP) score in men and women having either a manual or non-manual socioeconomic position (SEP) at ages 10–15, 30–35, and 40–45. A total population investigation from Scania, Sweden.

From: Similar support for three different life course socioeconomic models on predicting premature cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality

  Cardiovascular mortality* All-cause mortality
  Men Women Men Women
  Age-adjusted Age-adjusted Age-adjusted Age-adjusted
  HRR† 95% CI† HRR† 95% CI† HRR† 95% CI† HRR† 95% CI†
Life course socioeconomic position (LCSEP) score‡         
   0§ 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
   1 1.5 1.0, 2.2 1.5 0.9, 2.7 1.4 1.1, 1.7 1.2 0.9, 1.5
   2 2.4 1.6, 3.6 2.0 1.02, 3.9 1.7 1.3, 2.2 1.4 1.05, 2.0
   3 2.7 1.9, 3.8 2.0 1.1, 3.5 2.0 1.6, 2.5 1.5 1.1, 1.9
   p for trend <0.001   0.01   <0.001   0.003  
  1. * Cardiovascular mortality includes the following diagnoses; ICD 8: 390–459, ICD 9: 390–459 and ICD 10: I00-I99.
  2. † HRR, hazard rate ratio; CI, Confidence interval.
  3. ‡ The life course socioeconomic position (LCSEP) score ranges from 0 to 3, and is a combination of childhood socioeconomic position at age 10–15 (based on the head of the household's primary occupation) and the subject's socioeconomic position at age 30–35 and 40–45. Non-manual employees were given 0 points and manual workers were given 1 point. Subjects having a non-manual socioeconomic position at all three periods in time were used as the reference group.
  4. § Reference category.