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Table 3 Age-adjusted hazard rate ratios (HRRs) of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, by childhood socioeconomic position (SEP), adult SEP at age 30–35, and adult SEP at age 40–45 years in Swedish men.

From: Similar support for three different life course socioeconomic models on predicting premature cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality

    Cardiovascular mortality* All-cause mortality
     Age-adjusted Mutually adjusted   Age-adjusted Mutually adjusted
  n % Cases HRR‡ 95% CI‡ HRR‡ 95% CI‡ Cases HRR‡ 95% CI‡ HRR‡ 95% CI‡
Childhood SEP†             
   Non-manual§ 10,882 27 125 1.0   1.0   318 1.0   1.0  
   Manual 18,750 46 302 1.4 1.1, 1.7 1.1 0.9, 1.4 702 1.3 1.1, 1.5 1.1 1.0, 1.3
   Self-employed 3,927 10 41 0.9 0.6, 1.3 0.8 0.6, 1.1 118 1.0 0.8, 1.3 0.9 0.7, 1.1
   Farmers 5,346 13 64 1.0 0.8, 1.4 1.0 0.7, 1.3 157 1.0 0.8, 1.2 0.9 0.8, 1.2
   Unclassified 361 1 6 1.5 0.7, 3.4 1.6 0.7, 3.7 12 1.2 0.7, 2.1 1.3 0.7, 2.3
   Outside work force 1,706 4 40 2.0 1.4, 2.8 1.6 1.1, 2.3 84 1.7 1.3, 2.1 1.4 1.1, 1.7
Adult SEP age 30–35†             
   Non-manual§ 17,415 43 162 1.0   1.0   411 1.0   1.0  
   Manual 17,612 43 325 2.0 1.7, 2.5 1.5 1.2, 1.9 706 1.7 1.5, 2.0 1.4 1.2, 1.7
   Self-employed 3,199 8 49 1.6 1.2, 2.2 1.3 0.9, 1.8 127 1.7 1.4, 2.0 1.3 1.1, 1.6
   Farmers 1,003 2 9 1.0 0.5, 1.9 1.4 0.6, 3.3 27 1.1 0.8, 1.7 1.3 0.8, 2.3
   Unclassified 173 1 0 7 1.7 0.8, 3.7 1.3 0.6, 2.7
   Outside work force 1,570 4 33 2.4 1.7, 3.5 1.3 0.9, 1.9 113 3.2 2.6, 4.0 1.8 1.4, 2.3
Adult SEP age 40–45†             
   Non-manual§ 18,673 46 161 1.0   1.0   416 1.0   1.0  
   Manual 14,260 35 248 2.0 1.7, 2.5 1.5 1.2, 1.9 524 1.7 1.5, 1.9 1.3 1.1, 1.5
   Self-employed 2,979 7 37 1.4 1.01, 2.1 1.2 0.9, 1.7 101 1.5 1.2, 1.9 1.3 1.03, 1.7
   Farmers 968 2 5 0.6 0.2, 1.5 0.5 0.2, 1.5 20 0.9 0.6, 1.5 0.8 0.5, 1.5
   Unclassified 1,605 4 27 2.0 1.3, 3.0 1.7 1.1, 2.6 73 2.0 1.6, 2.7 1.8 1.4, 2.3
   Outside work force 2,487 6 100 4.9 3.8, 6.3 4.2 3.2, 5.5 257 4.9 4.2, 5.7 3.9 3.2, 4.6
  1. * Cardiovascular mortality includes the following diagnoses; ICD 8: 390–459, ICD 9: 390–459 and ICD 10: I00-I99.
  2. † Five categories among those inside the workforce: Non-manual, manual, self-employed, farmers and unclassified (inside the workforce although the work tasks are u and the category: Outside the work force (students, housewives, the unemployed, and disability pensioners). Childhood SEP was defined by SEP of the head of the ho primary occupation (in married couples i.e., the man's occupation).
  3. ‡ HRR, hazard rate ratio; CI, Confidence interval.
  4. § Reference category.
  5. ¶ Not applicable due to the low number of cases.