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Table 3 Self reported health by country of birth and residence stratified by employed status (odds ratios and 95% CIs)

From: Is there a "Scottish effect" for self reports of health? Individual level analysis of the 2001 UK census

  Limiting illness Not good health
Employed (age & sex adjusted)
Lives in England born in England (n = 501007) 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland (n = 12238) 0.97 (0.90 to 1.04) 1.02 (0.93 to 1.12)
Lives in Scotland born in England (n = 6020) 0.85** (0.76 to 0.94) 0.91 (0.78 to 1.05)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland (n = 51223) 0.91*** (0.88 to 0.94) 0.92*** (0.87 to 0.96)
+SEP adjusted1
Lives in England born in England 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland 0.95 (0.88 to 1.02) 0.99 (0.90 to 1.09)
Lives in Scotland born in England 0.85** (0.77 to 0.95) 0.91 (0.78 to 1.05)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland 0.86*** (0.83 to 0.90) 0.85*** (0.81 to 0.89)
Unemployed (age & sex adjusted)
Lives in England born in England (n = 21377) 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland (n = 506) 0.90 (0.71 to 1.15) 0.94 (0.69 to 1.29)
Lives in Scotland born in England (n = 295) 0.99 (0.73 to 1.35) 0.88 (0.57 to 1.35)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland (n = 2886) 0.89* (0.80 to 0.99) 1.02 (0.89 to 1.17)
+SEP adjusted1
Lives in England born in England 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland 0.88 (0.70 to 1.12) 0.90 (0.66 to 1.23)
Lives in Scotland born in England 1.01 (0.74 to 1.38) 0.90 (0.58 to 1.38)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland 0.84** (0.75 to 0.94) 0.96 (0.84 to 1.10)
Economically inactive (age & sex adjusted)
Lives in England born in England (n = 148803) 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland (n = 3580) 1.06 (0.99 to 1.14) 1.11** (1.03 to 1.19)
Lives in Scotland born in England (n = 1731) 0.86** (0.77 to 0.95) 0.91 (0.81 to 1.02)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland (n = 19219) 1.47*** (1.42 to 1.52) 1.34*** (1.30 to 1.38)
+SEP adjusted1
Lives in England born in England 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland 1.01 (0.94 to 1.09) 1.05 (0.97 to 1.13)
Lives in Scotland born in England 0.88* (0.79 to 0.98) 0.94 (0.84 to 1.05)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland 1.23*** (1.19 to 1.27) 1.13*** (1.09 to 1.17)
Economically inactive excluding permanently sick (age & sex adjusted)
Lives in England born in England (n = 107889) 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland (n = 2465) 1.02 (0.93 to 1.12) 1.06 (0.95 to 1.20)
Lives in Scotland born in England (n = 1317) 0.95 (0.83 to 1.08) 0.97 (0.82 to 1.15)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland (n = 12422) 1.44*** (1.38 to 1.50) 1.38*** (1.31 to 1.46)
+SEP adjusted1
Lives in England born in England 1 1
Lives in England born in Scotland 1.00 (0.91 to 1.10) 1.04 (0.92 to 1.17)
Lives in Scotland born in England 0.98 (0.86 to 1.12) 1.00 (0.85 to 1.19)
Lives in Scotland born in Scotland 1.23*** (1.18 to 1.29) 1.14*** (1.08 to 1.21)
  1. 1 Adjusted for age, sex, tenure, housing condition and car ownership.
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001.