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Table 3 External causes of injury and key prevention opportunities inferred from population-based analysis

From: Stages of development and injury patterns in the early years: a population-based analysis

Age Group Key Injury Prevention Issues
   Injury Mechanism Nature of Injury Developmental Aspect (activity, behaviour, susceptibility) Prevention Priority*
0–11 months    
   Falls Head injury Mobility (rolling), Vulnerability 1, 2, 3, 4
From furniture, being dropped Open wound   
   Foreign body ingestions Ingestion Grasping, Reaching, Curiosity 2, 4
   Burns Burn Reaching, Curiosity, Vulnerability 2, 4
12–35 months    
   Falls Head injury Mobility, Co-ordination, Balance, Curiosity, 1, 2, 3, 4
From/into furniture, on stairs Open wound Superficial   
   Foreign body ingestions Poisoning Mobility, Curiosity, Dexterity 2, 4
36–59 months    
   Falls Open wound Mobility, Co-ordination, Curiosity 1, 2, 3, 4
From furniture, playground structures Superficial Fracture   
   Collisions with objects or persons Fracture Open wound Group Activity, Judgment 1, 4
   Caught in/between objects Open wound Mobility, Judgment 2, 4
60–83 months    
   Falls Fracture Mobility, Co-ordination, Curiosity 1, 2, 3, 4
From playground structures Open wound   
   Struck by objects or persons Superficial Open wound Group Activity, Judgment 1, 4
   Cut or pierced by sharp object Open wound Dexterity, Judgment 2, 4
  1. * 1. Supervision; 2. Access to hazards; 3. Falls from heights; 4. Anticipating risks