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Table 5 Trends in age-standardized rates of hanging, strangulation and suffocation in Kaunas men and women aged 25–64 years during 1984 to 2003

From: Trends in suicide in a Lithuanian urban population over the period 1984–2003

Men Women
Joinpoints (Years) Time period EPAC1 95% CI2 p-value Joinpoints (Years) Time period EPAC1 95% CI2 P-value
0 jointpoints 1984 – 2003 +4.0 +2.5 – +5.6 .00002 0 jointpoints 1984 – 2003 +3.6 +.7 – +6.6 .02
1986 1984 – 1986 -10.4 -48.2 – +55.2 .68 1988 1984 – 1988 -5.6 -33.5 – +34.2 .7
  1986 – 2003 +4.7 +2.7 – +6.7 .0001   1988 – 2003 +5.0 +.2 – +10.1 .04
1990 1984 – 1990 -4.0 -10.2 – +2.7 .22 1992 1984 – 1992 -4.6 -13.0 – +4.6 .28
1993 1990 – 1993 +22.5 -17.8 – +82.5 .29 1995 1992 – 1995 34.3 -42.4 – +213.0 .47
  1993 – 2003 +1.1 -2.0 – +4.3 .46   1995 – 2003 -3.1 -11.6 – +6.3 .48
  1. 1EPAC – estimated annual percent change;
  2. 295% CI – 95% confidence intervals;