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Table 3 Most frequent factors promoting cigarette smoking during incarceration and smoking cessation (both in prison and at liberty)

From: Prisoners' attitudes towards cigarette smoking and smoking cessation: a questionnaire study in Poland

Factors No. of subjects %
Factors promoting cigarette smoking in prison   
   Missing family and close friends 435 66
   The lack of freedom 381 57
   Boredom 295 44
   Anxiety about affairs to deal with at liberty 232 35
   The lack of sex 206 31
   Anxiety about the case and sentence 156 23
   Qualms about the crime committed 116 17
   Bad relations with the penitentiary staff 113 17
   Bad relations with other prisoners 86 13
   The lack of alcohol 70 10
   The lack of narcotics 37 6
   Other factors 21 3
   Missing data 72 11
Factors promoting smoking cessation   
   Anxiety about health 231 46
   The fight with own weakness 142 28
   The will to save some money 120 24
   Limited access to cigarettes 109 21
   Somebody's instigation 37 7
   The will to gain an authority 10 2
   Other (e.g., the bet with somebody, tobacco related disease in the family, physical or body-building activities) 32 6
   Missing data 240 32
  1. The percentages were estimated after excluding 72 and 240 smokers who had not replied to the questions regarding factors promoting cigarette smoking in prison and smoking cessation (both in prison and at liberty), respectively.