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Table 3 Beck Depression Inventory Index means and levels of depression symptoms

From: Duration of unemployment and depression: a cross-sectional survey in Lithuania

Variable Unemployment Duration (%/n) (m ± SD) t (p)
  Short-term N = 234 Long-term N = 195  
BDI Index mean 10.1 ± 8.8 14.2 ± 9.5 4.60 (p < 0.001)
Levels of depression symptoms    
   Minimal 57.7/135 35.9/70 4.62 (p < 0.001)
   Mild 20.1/47 25.6/50 1.36 (sn)
   Moderate 18.4/43 32.3/63 3.32 (p < 0.001)
   Severe 3.8/9 6.2/12 1.08 (sn)
   Depression with BDI 14/15 cut-off point 27.4/64 45.6/89 3.95 (p < 0.001)
  1. m – mean
  2. SD – standard deviation
  3. n – number of observed persons
  4. p – significance level comparing short-term and long-term unemployment groups
  5. sn – statistically non-significant
  6. t – Student (t) criteria