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Table 4 Prevalence of risk behaviors in adolescents in Seychelles and in selected countries

From: Clustering of smoking, alcohol drinking and cannabis use in adolescents in a rapidly developing country

  Proportion (%)
  Age (y) Boys Girls Total
Ever smoking     
Seychelles* 11–17 54 41 48
South Africa (a) 13–15 - - 44
England£ 11–15 37 41 39
USA$ 14–18 59 58 58
Switzerland& 15 64 64 64
At least 1 cigarette in the past month     
Seychelles 11–17 30 21 25
South Africa (a) 13–15 - - 18
USA 14–18 30 35 28
England1 11–15 11 17 14
Switzerland 15 22 21 21
At least 1 drink in the past month     
Seychelles 11–17 49 48 48
South Africa (b) 16–17 50 32 -
USA 14–18 44 46 45
England 11–15 37 39 38
Switzerland 15 77 74 75
Ever drunkenness     
Seychelles 11–17 47 43 45
USA2 14–18 29 28 28
England3 11–15 42 50 46
Switzerland 15 64 53 58
Ever used cannabis     
Seychelles 11–17 20 9 14
South Africa (b) 16–17 32 13 -
USA 14–18 43 38 40
Switzerland 15 44 36 40
Cannabis use in the past year     
Seychelles 11–17 17 8 12
South Africa (b) 16–17 22 9 -
USA 14–18 25 19 22
England 11–15 12 10 11
Switzerland 15 35 28 31
  1. *Seychelles: n = 1,321, 2002.
  2. £England: n = 9,572, 2004, reference [25]; $USA: n = 15,214, 2003, reference [24].
  3. &Switzerland: n = 2,613, reference [26]
  4. South Africa (a): n = 2,579, 2002, reference [20]; South Africa (b): Cape Town, n = 2,732, 1997–2001, reference [27].
  5. 1 Regular occasional smoking.
  6. 2 At least 5 drinks in a row.
  7. 3 Among students who drank in the past week.