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Table 4 Changes in continuous outcome measures# from baseline to 6 months for intervention and control groups

From: Randomised controlled trial of welfare rights advice accessed via primary health care: pilot study [ISRCTN61522618]

  Intervention (n = 61) Control (n = 59) Difference between means (95% CI)
  Mean Change (6m-baseline) (SD) Mean Change (6m-baseline) (SD)  
Health Status    
SF36 – Physical 1.6 (6.9) 0.2 (6.3) 1.4 (-1.0 to 3.8)
SF36 – Mental 0.3 (6.8) -1.1 (7.0) 1.4 (-1.1 to 3.9)
HAD – Anxiety * 0.1 (2.7) -0.6 (2.8) 0.7 (-0.3 to 1.7)
HAD – Depression * 0.4 (2.4) 0.3 (2.4) 0.1 (-0.8 to 1.0)
Sleep quality (PSQI) 2.3 (2.8) 2.0 (2.4) 0.3 (-0.6 to 1.2)
Symptom inventory 0 (2.6) 0.5 (2.4) -0.5 (-1.4 to 0.4)
Health related behaviours    
Fruit and vegetable intake -5.8 (6.4) -5.8 (6.3) 0.0 (-2.3 to 2.3)
Protein intake -3.1 (3.8) -3.7 (3.7) 0.6 (-0.7 to 2.0)
Starch intake -1.7 (2.9) -2.2 (3.7) 0.6 (-0.6 to 1.8)
Fat intake -2.3 (5.1) -2.8 (4.7) 0.5 (-1.3 to 2.3)
Alcohol (units) -1.9 (10.8) -1.1 (8.7) -0.8 (-4.3 to 2.8)
BMI 0.2 (1.2) 0.1 (1.6) 0.1 (-0.4 to 0.6)
Physical activity (PASE) -0.6 (41.1) -0.4 (47.4) -0.1 (-16 to 16)
Psycho-social outcomes    
Social interaction -0.2 (3.1) -0.3 (3.0) 0.1 (-1.0 to 1.2)
Strength of confiding relationships 0.2 (1.2) 0.1 (1.7) 0.1 (-0.5 to 0.6)
Self Esteem Inventory * -0.4 (2.7) 0.4 (3.2) -0.8 (-1.9 to 0.3)
Personal Mastery Scale* 0.1 (1.9) 0.5 (2.5) -0.4 (-1.2 to 0.4)
Economic Status    
Financial vulnerability ** -1.5 (3.4) 0.1 (1.8) -1.6 (-2.6 to -0.7)
Standard of Living Index 0.3 (1.0) 0.4 (0.9) -0.1 (-0.5 to 0.2)
  1. * 1 person in the intervention group did not complete this scale
  2. ** 2 people in the intervention and 1 in the control group did not complete this scale
  3. # A description of the scales used is given in Table 1.