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Table 2 Host-related factors for tuberculosis: comparison of TB cases and clinic controls.

From: Risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis: a clinic-based case control study in The Gambia

Variable Controls Cases Total No. triplets OR (95% CI) p-value AdjaOR (95% CI) Adja p value
Ethnic group, n(%)    100     
   Mandinka 105 (52.5) 41 (41)   1.0   1.0  
   Wolof 25 (12.5) 8 (8)   1.25 (0.48–3.25) 0.65 1.45 (0.54–3.89) 0.42
   Fula 28 (14) 11 (11)   0.94 (0.42–2.10) 0.87 1.06 (0.46–2.44) 0.89
   Jola 21 (10.5) 22 (22)   2.70 (1.33–5.48) 0.006 2.41 (1.10–5.32) 0.028
   Other 31 (15.5) 18 (18)   1.53 (0.75–3.10) 0.24 1.79 (0.84–3.84) 0.133
Marital status, n(%)    100     
   Married 118 (59) 48 (48)   1.0   1.0  
   Single 74 (37) 43 (43)   1.58 (0.86–2.90) 0.14 1.46 (0.68–3.12) 0.33
   Widowed/divorced 8 (4) 9 (9)   3.19 (1.02–9.93) 0.046 3.04 (0.86–10.75 0.085
Smoker in past 6 months    100     
   No 167 (83.5) 72 (72)   1.0   1.0  
   Yes 33 (16.5) 28 (28)   2.37 (1.22–4.63) 0.011 2.22 (1.07–4.59) 0.032
Alcohol        
   Never 189 (94.5) 90 (90)   1.0    
   Current/past 11 (5.5) 10 (10)   2.05 (0.79–5.32) 0.14   
BCG scar    100     
   No/unsure 143 (71.5) 73 (73)   1.0    
   Yes 57 (28,5) 27 (27)   0.93 (0.54–1.60) 0.78   
History of asthma    100     
   No 198 (98) 99 (99)   1.0    
   yes 2 (1) 1 (1)   1.0 (0.09–11.03) 1.0   
History of diabetes    100     
   No 200 (100) 97 (97)   - -   
   Yes 0 (0) 3 (3)      
Years of schooling    100     
   None 42 (21) 25 (25)   1.0    
   1–4 24 (12) 10 (10)   0.65 (0.26–1.62) 0.36   
   5–8 40 (20) 27 (27)   1.07 (0.52–2.22) 0.85   
   >8 94 (47) 38 (38)   0.60 (0.30–1.22) 0.16   
Occupation    100     
   Unemployed 16 (8) 10 (10)   0.89 (0.35–2.28) 0.81 1.01 (0.37–2.75) 0.98
   Unskilled worker 29 (14.5) 22 (22)   1.0    
   Skilled worker 96 (48) 41 (41)   0.51 (0.25–1.02) 0.055 0.62 (0.29–1.33) 0.22
   Professional 22 (11) 3 (3)   0.15 (0.04–0.60) 0.007 0.24 (0.06–0.93) 0.039
   Other 27 (18.5) 24 (24)   0.94 (0.41–2.14 0.89 1.48 (0.57–3.87) 0.42
  1. aAdjusted through multivariable analysis