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Table 1 Use of urgent or emergency asthma care in the 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (8 states; n = 2,195 with valid replies)

From: Lack of insurance coverage and urgent care use for asthma: A retrospective cohort study

   Required urgent or emergency room care for asthma in past 12 months crude OR (95% CI) Total
   Yes (%) No (%)   
Health care coverage gap in past year? * Yes 56 (8) 75 (6) 1.48 (1.03,2.1) 131
  No 611 (92) 1210 (94)   1821
  Totals 667 (100) 1285 (100)   1952
Gender * Men 172 (23) 482 (33) 0.59 (0.48, 0.72) 654
  Women 580 (77) 961 (67)   1541
  Totals 752 (100) 1443 (100)   2195
One physician identified as primary? Yes 606 (81) 1120 (78) 1.20 (1.0,1.5) 1726
  No 146 (19) 320 (22)   466
  Totals 752 (100) 1440 (100)   2192
Health plan in past year Yes 667 (89) 1288 (89) 0.95 (0.71,1.26) 1955
  No 83 (11) 152 (11)   235
  Totals 750 (100) 1440 (100)   2190
Race/ethnicity * White/non-Hispanic 576 (77) 1235 (87) reference 1811
  Black/non-Hispanic 92 (12) 88 (6) 2.24 (1.63,3.0) 180
  Other/non-Hispanic 59 (8) 70 (5) 1.81 (1.24,2.6) 129
  Hispanic** 23 (3) 34 (2) 1.45 (0.83,2.5) 57
  Totals 750 (100) 1427 (100)   2177
Age group* 18 to 64 658 (88) 1147 (80) 1.77 (1.37,2.28) 1805
  65 and older 92 (12) 284 (20)   376
  Totals 750 (100) 1431 (100)   2181
Too costly to see physician in past year* Yes 31 (19) 43 (11) 1.79 (1.08,2.95) 74
  No 136 (81) 337 (98)   473
  Totals 167 (100) 380 (100)   547
Income * < $10,000 83 (12) 118 (9) reference 201
  $10–50,000 464 (67) 801 (64) 0.82 (0.60,1.13) 1265
  > $50,000 150 (22) 331 (27) 0.64 (0.45, 0.92) 481
  Totals 697 (100) 1250 (100)   1947
Employment * Employed 411 (55) 816 (57) reference 1227
  Homemaker/student/retired 169 (23) 411 (29) 0.81 (0.66, 1.01) 580
  Unemployed/can't work 172 (23) 214(15) 1.56 (1.24,1.97) 386
  Totals 752 (100) 1441 (100)   2193
Education < HS graduate 108 (14) 198 (14) reference 306
  HS graduate 462 (61) 902 (63) 0.94 (0.72,1.22) 1364
  College graduate 182(24) 338 (24) 1.01 (0.75, 1.36) 520
  Totals 752 (100) 1438 (100)   2190
Marital status Married 345 (46) 700 (49) 0.90 (0.75,1.07) 1045
  Not married 406 (54) 739 (51)   1145
  Totals 751 (100) 1439 (100)   2190
Smoke now? Yes 233 (55) 394 (50) 1.22 (0.97,1.55) 627
  No 194 (45) 401 (50)   595
  Totals 427 (100) 795 (100)   1222
  1. * p < 0.05 by chi-square analysis
  2. ** small sample size may limit interpretation of results for Hispanic subjects
  3. HS = High school, OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval