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Table 3 All-cause mortality under 65 years and 'avoidable' mortality in Canada from 1975 to 1999, femalesa, b

From: Avoidable mortality across Canada from 1975 to 1999

  1975–1979 1980–1984 1985–1989 1990–1994 1995–1999  
Cause ASMR %d ASMR % ASMR % ASMR % ASMR % %changee
All causes 175.6 100.0 152.4 100.0 138.5 100.0 126.7 100.0 116.9 100.0 33.4
Injuries 27.9 15.9 22.4 14.7 18.9 13.7 16.3 12.9 15.0 12.8 46.3
Breast cancer 16.0 9.1 15.3 10.1 15.7 11.3 14.2 11.2 12.4 10.6 22.5
Lung cancer 6.7 3.8 8.9 5.8 10.9 7.8 11.9 9.4 12.0 10.2 -79.7
Ischaemic heart disease 22.1 12.6 17.9 11.7 14.0 10.1 10.7 8.4 8.7 7.4 60.7
Hypertension and cerebrovascular disease 9.6 5.5 7.4 4.9 5.8 4.2 4.6 3.7 4.2 3.6 56.8
Perinatal mortality 7.1 4.0 4.9 3.2 3.8 2.8 3.4 2.7 3.3 2.8 53.4
Cervical cancer 4.0 2.3 1.1 0.7 2.8 2.0 0.9 0.7 2.4 2.0 41.8
Hodgkin's disease 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 61.4
Ulcers 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 65.3
Asthma 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 37.9
Gallbladder diseases 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 57.0
Maternal mortality 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 48.2
Tuberculosis 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 75.9
Hernia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 54.2
Appendicitis 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 57.1
"Avoidable" causes 95.5 54.5 79.6 52.2 73.2 52.8 63.1 49.8 58.7 50.2 38.5
Other causes 80.0 45.6 72.8 47.8 65.4 47.2 63.6 50.2 58.2 49.8 27.3
  1. aThe age-groups considered for each cause of death are presented in Table 1.
  2. b Causes are presented from the greatest contribution to all-cause mortality during 1995–1999.
  3. c Age-standardized mortality rate (per 100,000 population).
  4. d Percent of all cause ASMR attributed to each cause.
  5. e Percent change in ASMR from 1975–1979 to 1995–1999.