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Table 2 The crude and adjusted Odds ratio for osteoporosis risk factors in case patients and matched controls

From: The impact of clothing style on bone mineral density among post menopausal women in Morocco: a case-control study

Characteristics Cases (n = 178) Controls (n = 178) Crude Odds Ratio (95%CI) Pvalue Adjusted Odds Ratio (95%CI)* Pvalue
Age (years)
< 55 30 (16.8) 28 (15.7)     
56–60 33 (18.5) 38 (21.3)     
61–65 51 (28.7) 57 (32)     
66–70 36 (20.2) 29 (16.3)     
>70 28 (15.7) 26 (14.6)     
Body mass index (kg/m 2 )
<25 35 (19.7) 32 (18)     
25–29.9 55 (30.9) 62 (34.8)     
≥30 88 (49.4) 84 (47.2)     
Veil Wearing
No 29 (16.3) 55 (30.9) 1   1  
yes 149 (83.7) 123 (69.1) 2.29 (1.38–3.82) 0.001 2.20 (1.22–3.9) 0.008
Time since menopause (years)
<5 27 (15.2) 35 (19.7) 1   1  
5–10 32 (18) 34 (19.1) 1.22 (0.6–2.4) 0.57 1.10 (0.51–2.39) 0.7
>10 119 (66.9) 109 (61.2) 1.41 (0.8–2.4) 0.22 1.08 (0.52–2.24) 0.8
History of personal peripheral osteoporotic fractures
No 139 (78.1) 149 (83.7) 1   1  
yes 39 (21.9) 29 (16.3) 1.44 (0.84–2.45) 0.17 1.34 (0.75–2.38) 0.3
History of familial peripheral osteoporotic fractures
No 147 (82.6) 160 (89.9)     
yes 31 (17.4) 18 (10.1) 1.87 (1.05–3.49) 0.04 2.19 (1.12–4.29) 0.02
Number of pregnancies
<3 43 (31.4) 39 (27.7) 1   1  
3–5 67 (48.9) 89 (63.1) 0.68 (0.3–1.1) 0.16 0.65 (0.37–1.1) 0.1
> 5 27 (19.7) 13 (9.2) 2.01 (1.20–3.38) 0.007 1.34 (0.75–2.38) 0.3
Cigarette smoking
No 175 (98.3) 171 (96.1) 1   1  
yes 3 7 0.42 (0.1–1.6)   0.66 (0.14–2.9) 0.5
Alcohol intake
No 176 (97.7) 177 (99.4) 1    
yes 2 (1.13) 1 (0.6) 1 (0.06–16)    
  1. Abbreviation: CI, confidence interval
  2. * Adjusted for the other categorical parameters in this table except for alcohol intake.
  3. † Matching variables.