Skip to main content

Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the population in the intervention and control groups.

From: A community programme to reduce salt intake and blood pressure in Ghana [ISRCTN88789643]

  Intervention (n = 522) Control (n = 491)
Age 54 (11) 55 (11)
Female n (%) 324 (62) 304 (62)
Height in cm 160 (8) 161 (8)
Weight in kg 54 (11) 54 (11)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 21 (4) 21 (4)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 129 (25) 127 (27)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 77 (13) 76 (13)
Heart rate (bpm) 74 (12) 72 (12)
Urinary sodium (mmol/24 h) 99.9 (44.7) 102.5 (45.3)
Urinary potassium (mmol/24 h) 47.5 (23.2) 49.3 (23.6)
Urinary creatinine (mmol/24 h) 8.4 (2.6) 8.4 (2.6)
Urinary sodium/potassium ratio 2.4 (1.2) 2.4 (1.3)
Urinary sodium/creatinine ratio 12.4 (5.3) 12.7 (5.6)
Urinary potassium/creatinine ratio 5.9 (2.8) 6.1 (2.8)
Current smoking n (%) 31 (6) 41 (8)
Alcohol drinking n (%) 199 (38) 211 (43)
Hypertensive n (%) 154 (30) 137 (28)
  1. 2 subjects have missing urine collections at baseline
  2. Adjusted for time of day
  3. Results are means (standard deviations) or number (percentage)