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Table 5 Final ordinal logistic regression models1)2) for associations between stratification indicators and poor health. Separate models for each health variable, adjusted for sex and age

From: Health inequality in adolescence. Does stratification occur by familial social background, family affluence, or personal social position?

  HEALTH INDICATOR
STRATIFICATION INDICATOR Long-standing illness Overweight Use of mental health services Poor self-rated health Weekly health complaints
  Cumulative odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals3)
Familial social position
Father's SES . . . . NS . . . .
   Higher      
   Blue collar/Other      
Parent's education NS   . . NS . .
   Either has high level   1.0 (ref)    
   Neither has high level   1.5 (1.2–1.9)    
Parent's labour market position . .     
   Both gainfully employed   1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref)
   At most one gainfully employed   1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.8 (1.4–2.3) 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.2 (1.0–1.3)
Family affluence
Cars in the family . . NS NS . . . .
Vacation travels . . NS NS   NS
   Three or more     1.0 (ref)  
   At most two     1.4 (1.3–1.6)  
Computers in the household . . . . . .   . .
   Two or more     1.0 (ref) . .
   At most one     0.8 (0.7–0.9)  
Own room . . . . . . . . . .
Weekly spending money   NS NS . . . .
   Above upper quartile 1.0 (ref)     
   At most upper quartile 0.8 (0.6–1.0)     
Personal social position
School achievement4)      
   Above average . . 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref)
   At most average   1.3 (1.2–1.6) 1.7 (1.3–2.1) 1.7 (1.6–1.9) 1.4 (1.3–1.5)
  1. 1) Models for stratification indicators independently associated with the health variable: Health variable = Stratification indicator1 + Stratification indicator2... + Stratification indicatork + Sex/Age variable.
  2. 2) The categories giving approximately equal odds ratios were combined.
  3. 3) Statistically significant cumulative odds ratios in bold.
  4. 4) Adolescents not in education or still in comprehensive school at age 16 were classified in the category "below average".
  5. .. = Not statistically significant in the previous steps of analysis; NS= Not statistically significant in the model.