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Table 3 Comparison of lifetime prevalence of mental disorders (DSM-IV) by gender between teacher and control groups

From: Do teachers have more health problems? Results from a French cross-sectional survey

Lifetime DSM-IV diagnoses Males Females
  Teachers (N = 1,496) Controls (N = 875) Teachers (N = 2,183) Controls (N = 942)
  N n % N n % N n % N n %
Mood disorders             
   Major Depressive Episode (MDE) 1,455 337 23.2 835 173 20.7 2,116 862 40.8 863 348 40.3
MDE moderate 1,455 163 11.2 835 84 10.1 2,116 424 20.0 863 179 20.7
MDE severe 1,455 58 4.0 835 34 4.1 2,116 214 10.1 863 95 11.0
   Other mood disorders 1,468 179 12.2 847 98 11.6 2,142 453 21.1 885 166 18.8
   Any mood disorder 1,455 373 25.6 835 195 23.4 2,116 943 44.6 863 372 43.1
Anxiety disorders             
   Social phobia 1,469 29 2.0 850 27 3.2 2,109 64 3.0 876 43 4.9
   Specific phobia 1,468 37 2.5 835 27 3.2 2,114 87 4.1 868 53 6.1
   Agoraphobia 1,470 66 4.5 850 29 3.4 2,110 237 11.2 874 115 13.2
   Agoraphobia without history of panic disorder 1,470 56 3.8 850 27 3.2 2,110 222 10.5 874 103 11.8
   Any phobia (social, specific or agoraphobia) 1,457 94 6.5 834 47 5.6 2,081 306 14.7 860 140 16.3
   Panic disorder without agoraphobia 1,441 9 0.6 829 4 0.5 2,095 19 0.9 866 7 0.8
   Panic disorder with agoraphobia 1,441 5 0.3 829 1 0.1 2,095 13 0.6 866 11 1.3
   Any panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) 1,441 15 1.0 829 5 0.6 2,095 34 1.6 866 18 2.1
   Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) 1,434 15 1.0 824 6 0.7 2,080 18 0.9 860 8 0.9
   Any anxiety disorder (phobia, panic disorder or OCD) 1,417 109 7.7 807 52 6.4 2,017 330 16.4 820 152 18.5
Other disorders             
   Alcohol abuse 1,445 13 0.9 844 8 0.9 2,045 8 0.4 842 3 0.4
   Alcohol dependency 1,445 16 1.1 844 9 1.1 2,045 8 0.4 842 6 0.7
   CAGE ≥ 2 1,429 176 12.3 818 92 11.2 1,948 86 4.4 756 48 6.3
   Anorexia nervosa 1,485 0 0.0 791 0 0.0 2,152 5 0.2 850 5 0.6*
   Bulimia 1,413 17 1.2 815 13 1.6 2,018 100 5.0 872 47 5.4
   Somatization disorder 1,439 2 0.1 801 4 0.5 2,081 23 1.1 862 13 1.5
   Undifferentiated somatoform disorder 1,439 44 3.1 801 14 1.7* 2,081 76 3.7 862 45 5.2
  1. N = Total weighted number of respondents in each category for each group. n = number of cases in each category for each group. % = proportion of cases in each category for each group. p = p-value from Mantel-Haenszel chi-square test adjusted for age and educational level (*p < 0.05 ; **p < 0.01 ; ***p < 0.001). Other mood disorders: adjustment disorder with depressed mood acute (<6 months), chronic (> 6 months) and dysthymic disorder.