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Table 2 Weighted prevalence estimates (95% confidence interval) of current and probable asthma by selected characteristics.

From: A population-based study of asthma, quality of life, and occupation among elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic whites: a cross-sectional investigation

Characteristics Current Asthmaa %
(95%CI)
Probable Asthmaa %
(95%CI)
Overall 6.3 (5.3–7.2) 9.0 (7.8–10.1)
Age-
   65–69 7.4 (5.3–9.5) 9.8 (7.3–12.3)
   70–74 5.5 (4.0–6.9) 7.8 (5.8–9.8)
   75–79 6.6 (4.5–8.7) 9.3 (6.6–12.0)
   80 and over 5.6 (3.8–7.3) 8.9 (6.6–11.1)
Sex
   Male 5.2 (3.6–6.7) 7.8 (5.8–9.8)
   Female 7.0 (5.9–8.2) 9.7 (8.3–11.2)
Race/Ethnicity
   NH-White 7.1 (6.1–8.1) 8.4 (7.3–9.5)
   Hispanic 4.0 (1.9–6.1) 10.5 (7.2–13.8)
Education
   < HS 5.1 (3.3–6.9) 11.6 (9.0–14.3)
   HS/GED 7.5 (5.8–9.1) 6.7 (5.1–8.4)
   Some College 7.9 (5.9–10.0) 8.8 (6.4–11.2)
   College 4.8 (2.9–6.6) 7.7 (5.3–10.1)
Household Annual Income
   ≤ 20 k 7.3 (5.6–8.9) 11.2 (8.9–13.3)
   20–40 k 6.6 (4.9–8.3) 5.9 (4.2–7.6)
   ≥ 40 k 4.8 (2.8–6.8) 6.8 (4.4–9.1)
   Missing 5.2 (3.2–7.2) 11.1 (8.0–14.2)
Geographic Location
   Urban 6.2 (5.0–7.4) 8.7 (7.0–10.3)
   Rural 6.3 (4.9–7.7) 9.3 (7.6–11.0)
Hay Fever
   No 4.3 (3.4–5.2) 7.5 (6.2–8.7)
   Yes 13.3 (10.7–15.8) 13.9 (11.0–16.9)
Pet Ownership
   Don't Have a Pet 6.3 (5.1–7.6) 9.1 (7.6–10.6)
   Dog/Cat 6.4 (4.9–8.0) 8.4 (6.4–10.4)
   Other pets 3.8 (1.1–6.5) 10.6 (4.8–16.4)
Smoking Status
   Non-Smoker 5.5 (4.4–6.6) 7.9 (6.4–9.5)
   Current Smokers 3.4 (1.5–5.3) 16.8 (11.8–21.8)
   Past Smokers 8.0 (6.2–9.8) 8.6 (6.7–10.6)
Environmental tobacco smoke
   No 6.3 (5.4–7.3) 8.6 (7.3–9.8)
   Yes 5.8 (2.8–8.7) 11.4 (7.5–15.3)
Self-rated Health
   Excellent/Good 4.9 (3.9–5.9) 5.7 (4.6–6.8)
   Fair/Poor 8.7 (6.8–10.6) 14.7 (12.1–17.3)
Complaint of Pain
   No Pain 4.6 (3.6–5.7) 5.3 (4.1–6.5)
   Mild Pain 7.2 (4.5–9.8) 8.8 (6.2–11.4)
   Severe Pain 9.7 (7.4–11.9) 18.0 (14.6–21.3)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
   Normal Weight (BMI <25) 5.0 (3.8–6.2) 7.2 (5.6–8.9)
   Overweight (BMI 25–29.9) 6.5 (4.9–8.1) 8.4 (6.6–10.2)
   Obese (BMI ≥ 30) 8.6 (6.2–11.0) 12.9 (9.7–16.2)
Health Insurance
   No 8.5 (1.4–15.7) 12.8 (4.0–21.7)
   Yes 6.2 (5.3–7.1) 8.8 (7.6–10.0)
Occupations
   Administrative 8.3 (6.4–10.2) 9.3 (7.2–11.5)
   Health Related 7.6 (3.5–11.7) 8.4 (3.0–13.8)
   Teaching 3.1 (1.0–5.1) 9.7 (5.5–13.9)
   Secretarial 8.7 (6.3–11.1) 10.3 (7.5–13.2)
   Service Related 4.7 (2.2–7.1) 12.8 (8.4–17.1)
   Farm Related 9.5 (3.6–15.4) 6.8 (2.1–11.5)
   Precision Production 5.5 (2.5–8.5) 10.1 (5.5–14.6)
   Other Occupations 6.3 (4.3–8.2) 6.8 (4.6–9.0)
  1. The outcome is a three category variable: no asthma (reference), current asthma, probable asthma.
  2. a The prevalence estimates were obtained by cross tabulating individual characteristics with the three category outcome variable (No Asthma, Current Asthma, and Probable asthma).