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Table 3 AIDS knowledge levels by educational status of the respondents

From: AIDS knowledge and attitudes in a Turkish population: an epidemiological study

General knowledge items on HIV/AIDS and the proportions of those who answered correctly Illiterate n(%) 20(1.9) Primary n(%) 125(11.9) Secondary n(%) 119(11.4) High school n(%) 280(26.7) Higher school n(%) 504(48.1) Those answering correctly n(%) 1048(100.0)
1 A virus causes AIDS‡ 15(75.0) 72(57.6) 65(54.6) 203(72.5) 439(87.1) 794(75.8)
2 AIDS is a contagious disease‡ 18(90.0) 108(86.4) 106(89.1) 249(88.9) 483(95.8) 964(92.0)
3 AIDS is a hereditary disease‡ 6(30.0) 34(27.2) 37(31.1) 125(44.6) 294(58.3) 496(47.3)
4 There is an active treatment for AIDS‡ 8(40.0) 50(40.0) 44(37.0) 153(54.6) 290(57.5) 545(52.0)
5 AIDS is mostly seen in developing or underdeveloped countries, mostly in countries least able to afford to care for infected peoplef 9(45.0) 62(49.6) 50(42.0) 138(49.3) 252(50.0) 511(48.8)
6 AIDS is not a serious disease. It is a simple disease like the common cold‡ 13(65.0) 93(74.4) 83(69.7) 237(84.6) 478(94.8) 904(86.3)
7 A person infected with HIV does not usually show any symptoms of the diseasef 10(50.0) 40(32.0) 29(24.4) 86(30.7) 175(34.7) 340(32.4)
8 Resistance to the other diseases in an individual with AIDS is rather low† 12(60.0) 87(69.6) 68(57.1) 198(70.7) 362(71.8) 727(69.4)
9 There is a vaccine for AIDS‡ 8(40.0) 56(44.8) 62(52.1) 195(69.6) 416(82.5) 737(70.3)
10 We can distinguish AIDS patients from others by their appearance‡ 7(35.0) 39(31.2) 51(42.9) 144(51.4) 320(63.5) 561(53.5)
11 The ELISA test is used to check for the HIV virus in the blood‡ 10(50.0) 58(46.4) 59(49.6) 165(58.9) 408(81.0) 700(66.8)
12 Urine, X-ray, total blood count and biochemistry analyses are used to check for the HIV virus in the blood‡ 3(15.0) 33(26.4) 38(31.9) 84(30.0) 275(54.6) 433(41.3)
HIV/AIDS can be contacted through:       
13 Sharing public toilets and swimming pools with an infected person‡ 8(40.0) 43(34.4) 51(42.9) 145(51.8) 313(62.1) 560(53.4)
14 Using an infected person's belongings such as clothes, comb, underwear and towel‡ 5(25.0) 45(36.0) 51(42.9) 139(49.6) 328(65.1) 568(54.2)
15 Sharing a razor blade with an infected person‡ 13(65.0) 85(68.0) 72(60.5) 203(72.5) 407(80.8) 780(74.4)
16 Touching an infected person, such as hugging, holding and shaking hands‡ 9(45.0) 54(43.2) 60(50.4) 182(65.0) 413(81.9) 718(68.5)
17 Sharing the food utensils of an infected person‡ 6(30.0) 33(26.4) 39(32.8) 123(43.9) 309(61.3) 510(48.7)
18 Exposure to an infected person who coughs or spits‡ 7(35.0) 39(31.2) 45(37.8) 121(43.2) 319(63.3) 531(50.7)
19 Having a tattoo done with the same devices after an infected person‡ 13(65.0) 91(72.8) 76(63.9) 206(73.6) 412(81.7) 798(76.1)
20 The bite of a mosquitof 7(35.0) 49(39.2) 52(43.7) 126(45.0) 234(46.4) 468(44.7)
21 Sharing the injection needles or surgical operation devices of an infected personf 15(75.0) 110(88.0) 95(79.8) 243(86.8) 470(93.3) 933(89.0)
22 Having a tooth extracted with the same devices after an infected person† 15(75.0) 107(85.6) 95(79.8) 228(81.4) 451(89.5) 896(85.5)
23 An infected pregnant woman's infecting her unborn baby† 15(75.0) 91(72.8) 84(70.6) 207(73.9) 419(83.1) 816(77.9)
24 Donating the organs and tissue of an infected person to another person† 15(75.0) 91(72.8) 83(69.7) 211(75.4) 419(83.1) 819(78.1)
25 Having vaginal sex with an infected person† 18(90.0) 117(93.6) 105(88.2) 261(93.2) 487(96.6) 988(94.3)
26 Having oral sex with an infected person† 13(65.0) 100(80.0) 85(71.4) 211(75.4) 332(65.9) 741(70.7)
27 Having anal sex with an infected personf 13(65.0) 102(81.6) 91(76.5) 220(78.6) 395(78.4) 821(78.3)
28 Receiving blood from an infected person‡ 18(90.0) 114(91.2) 102(85.7) 260(92.9) 487(96.6) 981(93.6)
29 The vaginal liquid of an infected personf 16(80.0) 116(92.8) 104(87.4) 259(92.5) 464(92.1) 959(91.5)
30 The sperm of an infected personf 18(90.0) 111(88.8) 104(87.4) 263(93.9) 454(90.1) 950(90.6)
31 The urine of an infected person‡ 9(45.0) 42(33.6) 46(38.7) 131(46.8) 277(55.0) 505(48.2)
32 The tears of an infected person‡ 10(50.0) 62(49.6) 62(52.1) 167(59.6) 358(71.0) 659(62.9)
33 The mucus or nasal fluid of an infected person‡ 10(50.0) 56(44.8) 61(51.3) 163(58.2) 362(71.8) 652(62.2)
34 The breast milk of an infected person† 8(40.0) 56(44.8) 46(38.7) 112(40.0) 150(29.8) 657(62.7)
  1. p < 0.001‡, p > 0.05f, p < 0.05†