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Table 2 The respondents' knowledge on HIV/AIDS

From: AIDS knowledge and attitudes in a Turkish population: an epidemiological study

Knowledge items (Alpha 0.891 for the below 34 items) Yes n(%) No n(%) Don't know n(%)
General knowledge:    
1 A virus causes AIDS 794(75.8)√ 87(8.3) 167(15.9)
2 AIDS is a contagious disease 964(92.0)√ 46(4.4) 38(3.6)
3 AIDS is a hereditary disease 394(37.6) 496(47.3)√ 158(15.1)
4 There is an active treatment for AIDS 305(29.1) 545(52.0)√ 198(18.9)
5 AIDS is mostly seen in the developing or underdeveloped countries, mostly in countries least able to afford to care for infected people 511(48.8)√ 403(38.5) 134(12.8)
6 AIDS is not a serious disease. It is a simple disease like the common cold 85(8.1) 904(86.3)√ 59(5.6)
7 A person infected with HIV does not usually show any symptoms of the disease 340(32.4)√ 411(39.2) 297(28.3)
8 Resistance to other diseases in an individual with AIDS is rather low 727(69.4)√ 138(13.2) 183(17.5)
9 There is a vaccine for AIDS 152(14.5) 737(70.3)√ 159(15.2)
10 We can distinguish AIDS patients from others by their appearance 242(23.1) 561(53.5)√ 245(23.4)
11 The ELISA test is used to check for the HIV virus in the blood 700(66.8)√ 92(8.8) 256(24.4)
12 Urine, X-ray, total blood count and biochemistry analyses are used to check for the HIV virus in the blood 314(30.0) 433(41.3)√ 301(28.7)
HIV/AIDS can be contacted through:    
13 Sharing public toilets and swimming pools with an infected person 350(33.4) 560(53.4)√ 138(13.2)
14 Using an infected person's belongings such as clothes, comb, underwear and towel 353(33.7) 568(54.2)√ 127(12.1)
15 Sharing a razor blade with an infected person 780(74.4) √ 164(15.6) 104(9.9)
16 Touching an infected person, such as hugging, holding and shaking hands 243(23.2) 718(68.5)√ 87(8.3)
17 Sharing the food utensils of an infected person 395(37.7) 510(48.7)√ 143(13.6)
18 Exposure to an infected person who coughs or spits 366(34.9) 531(50.7)√ 151(14.4)
19 Having a tattoo done with the same devices after an infected person 798(76.1)√ 122(11.6) 128(12.2)
20 The bite of a mosquito 312(29.8) 468(44.7)√ 268(25.6)
21 Sharing injection needles or the surgical operation devices of an infected person 933(89.0)√ 50(4.8) 65(6.2)
22 Having a tooth extracted with the same devices after an infected person 896(85.5)√ 53(5.1) 99(9.4)
23 An infected pregnant woman's infecting her unborn baby 816(77.9)√ 82(7.8) 150(14.3)
24 Donating to another person the organs and tissue of an infected person 819(78.1)√ 84(8.0) 145(13.8)
25 Having vaginal sex with an infected person 988(94.3)√ 26(2.5) 34(3.2)
26 Having oral sex with an infected person 741(70.7)√ 148(14.1) 159(15.2)
27 Having anal sex with an infected person 821(78.3)√ 76(7.3) 151(14.4)
28 Receiving blood from an infected person 981(93.6)√ 28(2.7) 39(3.7)
29 The vaginal liquid of an infected person 959(91.5)√ 26(2.5) 63(6.0)
30 The sperm of an infected person 950(90.6)√ 45(4.3) 53(5.1)
31 The urine of an infected person 327(31.2) 505(48.2)√ 216(20.6)
32 The tears of an infected person 171(16.3) 659(62.9)√ 218(20.8)
33 The mucus or nasal fluid of an infected person 167(15.9) 652(62.2)√ 229(21.9)
34 The breast milk of an infected person 657(62.7)√ 191(18.2) 200(19.1)
  1. √ True responses