Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Association of select variables with no or inconsistent use of condom for penetrative vaginal/anal sex by FSWs with their clients in multiple logistic regression.

From: High risk of HIV in non-brothel based female sex workers in India

Variable* Variable categories† Total who had penetrative sex with at least one client (6,128)‡ Number who reported no or inconsistent use of condom (%) Odds of having no or inconsistent use of condom (95% CI)
Knowledge that HIV can be prevented Yes 3321 840 (25.3%) 1.00
  No 2807 2067 (73.6%) 5.01 (4.38–5.73)
Access to free condoms in the last 30 days Yes 2468 501 (20.3%) 1.00
  No 3660 2406 (65.7%) 3.45 (2.99–3.98)
Participation in FSW support group Yes 566 77 (13.6%) 1.00
  No 5561 2829 (50.9%) 2.02 (1.50–2.70)
Type of sex worker Street-based 4599 2468 (53.7%) 3.36 (1.87–6.04)
  Home-based 1394 421 (30.2%) 2.66 (1.46–4.86)
  Brothel-based 135 18 (13.3%) 1.00
Social support score§ 1.00 – 2.50 1306 836 (64%) 2.60 (2.17–3.12)
  2.51 – 3.50 2518 1387 (55.1%) 2.27 (1.95–2.64)
  >3.50 2304 684 (29.7%) 1.00
Income in the last 7 days (Rupees) >501 1903 515 (27.1%) 1.00
  251 – 500 1929 946 (49%) 1.31 (1.09–1.57)
  250 or less 2295 1445 (63%) 1.66 (1.35–2.04)
Age group (years) 16 – 24 2292 875 (38.2%) 1.00
  25 – 34 3034 1533 (50.5%) 1.29 (1.11–1.51)
  35 or more 802 499 (62.2%) 1.69 (1.33–2.14)
Family aware of sex work Yes 2064 655 (31.7%) 1.00
  No 4061 2250 (55.4%) 1.32 (1.13–1.53)
Rural-urban area where the FSW was sampled from Rural 1345 544 (40.4%) 1.45 (1.19–1.77)
  Urban small 680 266 (39.1%) 1.07 (0.84–1.35)
  Urban medium 2621 1460 (50.2%) 1.73 (1.47–2.04)
  Urban large 1482 637 (43%) 1.00
Number of clients in last 7 days 7 or less 3768 2062 (54.7%) 1.20 (0.88–1.63)
  8 – 14 1829 738 (40.3%) 1.25 (0.93–1.67)
  > = 15 531 107 (20.2%) 1.00
Marital status Never married 1072 257 (24%) 1.00
  Currently married 2483 1327 (53.4%) 1.26 (1.01–1.59)
  Other# 2573 1323 (51.4%) 1.07 (0.85–1.35)
Education level of FSW Illiterate 4552 2428 (53.3%) 1.32 (1.13–1.55)
  Literate 1576 479 (30.4%) 1.00
Duration of being in sex work (years) 0–5 4773 2336 (48.9%) 1.00
  >5 1355 571 (42.1%) 0.98 (0.82–1.17)
  1. *Variables listed in descending order of effect on outcome variable.
  2. †Some categories of variables combined based on initial iterations that showed similar values for outcome variable in order to increase the power of the analysis.
  3. ‡Data on condom use was available for 6128 (99.4%) FSWs; the total of sub-categories may not always be 6128 due to a few missing values.
  4. §The social support score for each respondent was averaged for responses to 7 questions used for this score, which documented whether the respondent could count on someone for money, going to doctor, talking about problems, food or place to stay, abuse by anyone, abuse by client, and client's refusal to use condom; this score ranged from 1 to 5, with 1 indicating least social support and 5 indicating maximum social support; the three suggested categories indicate low, medium and high social support, respectively.
  5. ¶Urban small were towns with population < 50,000; urban medium were towns/cities with population 50,001 – 200,000; urban large were cities with population more than 200,000; this classification was done based on Census of India data for each sub-site.
  6. #Other includes separated, divorced and widowed.