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Table 2 Factors preceding the most serious fall

From: Falls in young, middle-aged and older community dwelling adults: perceived cause, environmental factors and injury

  Total Cohort Men Women
  Young
(N = 54)
Middle
(N = 131)
Old
(N = 205)
Young
(N = 23)
Middle
(N = 41)
Old
(N = 106)
Young
(N = 31)
Middle
(N = 90)
Old
(N = 99)
ACTIVITIES PERFORMING PRIOR TO THE FALL*
Ambulation 31.5(17) 45(58) 56.5(113) 13(3) 42.5(17) 58.3(60) 45.2(14) 46.1(41) 54.6(53)
Transferring 9.3(5) 10.9(14) 9(18) 8.7(2) 17.5(7) 8.7(9) 9.7(3) 7.9(7) 9.3(9)
Running 20.4(11) 6.2(8) 5.5(11) 21.7(5) 5(2) 4.9(5) 19.4(6) 6.7(6) 6.2(6)
Sports/exercise/dancing/ bicycling 22.2(12) 13.2(17) 6.5(13) 39.1(9) 10(4) 10.7(11) 9.7(3) 14.6(13) 2.1(2)
Stairs/curb 7.4(4) 11.6(15) 9(18) 13(3) 12.5(5) 7.8(8) 3.2(1) 11.2(10) 10.3(10)
Other1 9.3(5) 13.2(17) 13.5(27) 4.3(1) 12.5(5) 9.7(10) 12.9(4) 13.5(12) 17.5(17)
PERCEIVED CAUSE OF THE FALL **
Accident/Environment 37(20) 30.2(38) 15.8(32) 39.1(9) 32.5(13) 16.2(17) 35.5(11) 29.1(25) 15.5(15)
Collapse Episode 5.6(3) 6.3(8) 3.5(7) 13(3) 10(4) 4.8(5)   4.7(4) 2.1(2)
Dizziness/Vertigo/Weakness 5.6(3) 1.6(2) 2.5(5)    1(1) 9.7(3) 2.3(2) 4.1(4)
Balance/Gait Impairment 38.9(21) 49.2(62) 61.9(125) 39.1(9) 47.5(19) 62.9(66) 38.7(12) 50(43) 60.8(59)
Other/Uncertain2 13(7) 12.7(16) 16.3(33) 8.7(2) 10(4) 15.2(16) 16.1(5) 14(12) 17.5(17)
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS LEADING TO THE FALL***
Wet surface/slippery footwear 9.3(4) 17(16) 9.5(14) 11.1(2) 13.8(4) 7.6(6) 8(2) 18.5(12) 11.6(8)
Uneven surface/steps 20.9(9) 25.5(24) 27(40) 16.7(3) 24.1(7) 32.9(26) 24(6) 26.2(17) 20.3(14)
Objects on surface/rug 9.3(4) 7.4(7) 16.2(24) 5.6(1) 6.9(2) 15.2(12) 12(3) 7.7(5) 17.4(12)
External forces 7(3) 4.3(4) 2(3) 5.6(1) 6.9(2) 2.5(2) 8(2) 3.1(2) 1.4(1)
Icy surface 20.9(9) 12.8(12) 14.2(21) 22.2(4) 24.1(7) 13.9(11) 20(5) 7.7(5) 14.5(10)
Other3 32.6(14) 33(31) 31.1(46) 38.9(7) 24.1(7) 27.8(22) 28(7) 36.9(24) 34.8(24)
  1. Values are percentages (frequency)
  2. *Activities Performing Prior to The Fall (Total Cohort: χ2 = 31.01; p < 0.001; Men:χ2 = 31.51; p < 0.001; Women: χ2 = 17.44; p > 0.05).
  3. **Perceived Cause (Total Cohort:χ2 = 29.03; p < .001; Men: χ2 = 15.61; p < 0.05; Women: χ2 = 15.54; p < 0.05).
  4. ***Environmental Factors (Total Cohort:χ2 = 11.52; p > 0.05; Men: χ2 = 8.04; p > 0.05; Women: χ2 = 10.34; p > 0.05).
  5. 1Other represents responses of "reaching overhead", "bending down", "uncertain", or "other"
  6. 2Other/Uncertain represents responses of "other" or "uncertain" as to the cause of the fall.
  7. 3Other represents responses of "new eyeglasses" and/or "darkness/dimness of environment" and/or "glare from lights"