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Table 1 Audit data: observation of nurse consultations in patients' homes (n = 21) and file reviews

From: An evaluation of a morphine public health programme for cancer and AIDS pain relief in Sub-Saharan Africa

  Yes Frequency (Percent) No Frequency (Percent) Missing
Pain measurement questions    
Was there a measure of quality of life (sleep and mobility)? 17 (81%) 4 (19%) 0
Was the pain scale (VAS) used to monitor pain? 5 (23.8%) 16 (76.2%) 0
Was duration of the pain noted? 18 (85.7%) 3 (14%) 0
Consultation quality indicators    
Were patient's views on morphine sought? 6 (28.6%) 15 (71.4%) 1
Were instructions clearly given? 19 (90.5%) 2 (9.5%) 1
Were side effects discussed? 14 (66.7%) 7 (33.3%)  
Was a laxative prescribed? 14 (66.7%) 5 (23.8%) 2 (9.5%)
Was the patient fully examined? 13 (61.9%) 7 (33.3%) 1
Was a follow up date arranged? 21 (100%) 0 0
Were details of the prescription written in notes? 20 (95.2%) 0 1 (4.8%)
  1. Financial costs of illness are only one aspect. At home or in hospital, relatives have to care for the sick and this may result in the principal bread winner giving up work.