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Table 3 Poor mental health at T2 in relation to dynamics of stressful experience at work Multivariate logistic regression analysis (odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI))

From: A prospective study of cumulative job stress in relation to mental health

men (N = 836): OR$ (95% CI)
  depression anxiety somatisation chronic fatigue psychotropic
Effort-reward imbalance1 *** ** ** ** **
   T1 yes-T2 no 1.2 (0.5–2.9) 0.8 (0.3–2.1) 1.5 (0.7–3.4) 1.4 (0.7–3.1) 1.5 (0.6–4.1)
   T1 no-T2 yes 4.6 (2.3–9.2) 3.7 (1.7–7.8) 4.1 (2.0–8.5) 3.4 (1.7–6.7) 3.2 (1.5–7.0)
   T1 yes-T2 yes 2.8 (1.3–5.7) 2.3 (1.1–4.8) 2.0 (0.9–4.4) 1.8 (0.9–3.6) 3.4 (1.5–7.7)
Overcommitment ** ** * n.s. n.s.
   yes 2.4 (1.4–4.1) 2.5 (1.5–4.4) 1.8 (1.1–3.1) 1.2 (0.8–2.0) 1.1 (0.6–2.1)
women (N = 700): OR$ (95% CI)
  depression anxiety somatisation chronic fatigue psychotropic
Effort-reward imbalance1 *** ** ** *** *
   T1 yes-T2 no 1.3 (0.5–3.2) 1.1 (0.4–3.1) 1.6 (0.5–4.5) 1.2 (0.5–3.1) 1.0 (0.3–3.0)
   T1 no- T2 yes 3.2 (1.6–6.4) 2.3 (1.1–4.8) 3.5 (1.7–7.2) 2.0 (0.9–4.1) 2.7 (1.3–5.6)
   T 1 yes-T2 yes 4.6 (2.3–9.0) 4.5 (2.1–9.8) 3.6 (1.6–8.2) 7.1 (3.4–14.5) 1.4 (0.5–3.5)
Overcommitment * n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s
   yes 1.8 (1.0–3.0) 1.6 (0.9–2.9) 0.8 (0.4–1.4) 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 1.4 (0.7–2.6)
  1. 1reference group: effort-reward imbalance T1 0, T2 0 : OR = 1.0
  2. $ adjusted for age, education, threat from global economy, job dissatisfaction, workplace instability
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001