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Table 1 Sample description (paired sample, N = 1986)

From: A prospective study of cumulative job stress in relation to mental health

  Enterprise 1 N (%) Enterprise 2 N (%) Enterprise 3 N (%) Enterprise 4 N (%) Total N (%)
Sex (***)      
   Men 131 (23.9) 206 (42.8) 200 (68.5) 529 (79.7) 1066 (53.7)
   Women 418 (76.1) 275 (47.2) 92 (31.5) 135 (20.3) 920 (46.3)
Education (***)      
   Lowest (vocational school or less) 93 (17.0) 160 (33.7) 61 (21.0) 412 (64.1) 726 (37.1)
   Secondary school 35 (6.4) 58 (12.2) 58 (19.9) 121 (18.8) 272 (13.9)
   College 277 (50.5) 174 (36.6) 125 (43.0) 105 (16.3) 681 (34.8)
   Highest (university) 143 (26.1) 83 (17.5) 47 (16.2) 5 (0.8) 278 (14.2)
Age(***)      
   Mean (standard dev.) 38.9 (8.14) 39.1 (8.75) 39.6 (9.0) 43.2 (7.2) 40.5 (8.4)
   18–34 yrs 162 (29.5) 150 (31.2) 92 (31.5) 69 (11.0) 473 (24.2)
   35–49 yrs 338 (61.6) 279 (58.0) 154 (52.7) 457 (72.7) 1228 (62.9)
   50 and + 49 (8.9) 52 (10.8) 46 (15.8) 103 (16.4) 250 (12.8)
Effort-reward imbalance (*)      
   T1 no, T2 no 350 (68.2) 289 (63.2) 170 (60.3) 424 (65.9) 1233 (65.1)
   T1 yes, T2 no 50 (25.5) 46 (10.1) 39 (13.8) 61 (9.5) 196 (10.3)
   T1 no, T2 yes 56 (10.9) 55 (12.0) 27 (9.6) 48 (7.5) 186 (9.8)
   T1 yes, T2 yes 57 (11.1) 67 (14.7) 46 (16.3) 110 (17.1) 280 (14.8)
Overcommitment (high) (**) 164 (30.1) 171 (35.9) 108 (37.2) 272 (41.1) 715 (36.3)
Health (highest quartiles)      
   Depression (n.s.) 141 (26.0) 105 (22.0) 59 (20.3) 174 (26.5) 479 (24.3)
   Anxiety (*) 125 (20.3) 127 (26.6) 55 (18.9) 178 (27.1) 485 (24.6)
   Somatisation (**) 149 (27.4) 131 (27.3) 55 (18.9) 194 (29.6) 529 (26.9)
   Chronic fatigue 141 (26.6) 132 (28.3) 74 (26.1) 183 (28.4) 530 (27.5)
   Psychotropic drug consumption 119 (22.8) 91 (19.6) 43 (15.5) 162 (25.6) 415 (21.9)
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001