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Table 3 Correlation of health expectancy at 65 years with socio-demographic indicators. Correlation coefficient of life expectancy at 65 years (LE65), health expectancy at 65 years (HE65) with socio-demographic indicators by size of municipalitiesa in Japan.

From: Municipal health expectancy in Japan: decreased healthy longevity of older people in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas

  Men Women
Indicator LE65 HE65 LE65 HE65
  Total Total Small Medium Large Total Total Small Medium Large
Population -0.11 -0.10 -0.12 -0.08 0.05 -0.18 -0.09 0.00 -0.13 -0.06
Population density -0.11 -0.10 -0.14 -0.03 -0.02 -0.20 -0.10 -0.01 -0.10 -0.27
Proportion of elderly 0.10 0.05 0.08 -0.02 -0.27 0.20 0.05 0.01 0.02 -0.15
Percentage of households of a single elderly 0.00 -0.18 -0.14 -0.27 -0.43 0.17 -0.25 -0.22 -0.33 -0.50
Percentage of nuclear households -0.01 -0.12 -0.13 -0.09 0.05 -0.03 -0.20 -0.21 -0.23 0.06
Divorce rate -0.17 -0.26 -0.25 -0.26 -0.44 -0.15 -0.29 -0.29 -0.26 -0.44
Per capita income 0.06 0.17 0.29 0.22 0.46 -0.15 0.16 0.34 0.21 0.26
Unemployment rate -0.28 -0.35 -0.36 -0.35 -0.52 -0.20 -0.33 -0.24 -0.38 -0.57
Life expectancy at 65 year for some sex   0.80 0.82 0.79 0.86   0.21 0.24 0.17 0.30
  1. a Total = total municipalities (N = 3361); Small = municipalities with a population of less than 10,000 (N = 1554); Medium = municipalities with a population of 10,000 to 100,000 (N = 1469); Large = municipalities with a population of more than 100,000 (N = 338).
  2. Statistical significant: p < 0.001 for coefficients of more than 0.05 or less than 0.05 in total municipalities and for coefficients of more than 0.1 or less than 0.1 in small, medium, and large municipality groups.