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Table 1 Prevalence of frequent mental distress (FMD) and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) for selected risk factors, State of Texas, 2003, (N=5,757)

From: Rural residence is not a risk factor for frequent mental distress: a behavioral risk factor surveillance survey

Risk variable Overall % % with FMD (95% CI) AOR* (95% CI) N = 5,757 P value
Residence     
   Metropolitan-central city 61.50 9.34 (8.24–10.44) Reference  
   Metropolitan-suburb 21.23 11.92 (9.77–14.07) 1.37 (1.06–1.77) 0.016
   Non-metropolitan 17.27 8.77 (6.59–10.96) 0.86 (0.63–1.18) 0.350
Age group     
   18–24 14.66 11.92 (8.80–15.05) Reference  
   25–34 20.23 6.79 (5.04–8.54) 0.92 (0.62–1.34) 0.635
   35–44 21.09 9.26 (6.91–11.60) 1.17 (0.78–1.69) 0.488
   45–54 18.08 11.40 (9.32–13.49) 1.26 (0.86–1.85) 0.227
   55–64 11.88 10.39 (8.29–12.50) 0.91 (0.59–1.41) 0.675
   65+ 14.07 8.57 (6.84–10.32) 0.51 (0.33–0.78) 0.002
Race/ethnicity     
   non-Hispanic white 58.94 9.54 (8.61–11.68) Reference  
   Hispanic 28.91 9.22 (7.51–10.95) 0.56 (0.41–0.75) <0.001
   Non-Hispanic Black 8.20 13.58 (9.47–17.68) 0.90 (0.62–1.31) 0.587
   Other 3.95 9.72 (5.20–14.24) 1.15 (0.67–0.98) 0.607
Sex     
   Female 50.91 12.06 (10.80–13.31) Reference  
   Male 49.09 7.44 (6.16–8.73) 0.60 (0.48–0.76) <0.001
Marital status     
   Single/never married 38.65 13.28 (11.58–14.98) Reference  
   Married 61.35 7.61 (6.61–8.61) 0.66 (0.54–0.82) <0.001
Educational status     
   < high school degree 17.52 13.61 (10.96–16.26) Reference  
   high school degree 27.44 12.84 (10.77–14.91) 0.80 (0.59–1.10) 0.172
   some college 26.51 8.72 (7.20–10.24) 0.53 (0.37–0.74) <0.001
   College graduate 28.53 5.50 (4.41–6.60) 0.38 (0.26–0.55) <0.001
Household income     
   <$25,000 30.01 15.79 (13.68–17.90) Reference  
   $25,000 to $75,000, 39.27 7.50 (6.28–8.72) 0.52 (0.40–0.67) <0.001
   ≥$75,000 18.85 6.40 (4.75–8.06) 0.49 (0.33–0.71) <0.001
   Missing 11.87 7.58 (5.41–9.75) 0.50 (0.35–0.71) <0.001
Body mass index     
   Obese 23.02 12.66 (10.58–14.75) 1.56 (1.19–2.05) 0.001
   Overweight 34.61 8.76 (7.31–10.21) 1.22 (0.93–1.60) 0.159
   Normal 34.07 8.18 (6.75–9.61) Reference  
   Underweight 2.08 24.38 (15.00–33.76) 3.15 (1.82–5.45) <0.001
   BMI missing 6.22 8.85 (5.42–12.27) 0.88 (0.53–1.44) 0.602
  1. CI = confidence interval.
  2. *Adjusted for all other variables in Table 1. N = 5,757 prior to weighting.