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Table 4 Bivariate analyses (t-test or F-test) of explanatory variables and knowledge mean sum scores regarding depression and schizophrenia (N = 222–225)

From: Mental health literacy in an educational elite – an online survey among university students

   Sample Depression Schizophrenia
   N1 (%) True symptoms2 False symptoms3 True symptoms2 False symptoms3
Sex Men 105 (47.3%) 8.2 3.4 5.9 2.6
  Women 117 (52.7%) 8.6 3.4 6.5 2.3
  p   .007 .903 .059 .122
Age-group -24 147 (65.9%) 8.4 3.4 6.1 2.3
  25–29 57 (25.6%) 8.5 3.5 6.5 2.6
  30+ 19 (8.5%) 8.4 3.9 7.0 2.7
  p   .917 .183 .163 .312
Faculty Law 37 (16.4%) 8.7 3.3 6.0 2.5
  Economics 46 (20.4%) 8.2 3.2 5.7 2.0
  Medical school 15 (6.7%) 9.0 3.1 8.2 1.7
  Natural sciences4 18 (8.0%) 8.3 3.3 6.0 2.4
  Philosophy / arts5 109 (48.4%) 8.3 3.4 5.7 2.4
  Psychology 28 (12.4%) 8.6 4.5 8.4 3.4
  p   .081 .000 .000 .000
Previous interest in this subject yes 105 (46.7%) 8.6 3.6 7.2 2.6
  no 122 (53.3%) 8.3 3.4 5.5 2.3
  p   .026 .221 .000 .029
Side job related to mental disorders yes 33 (14.7%) 9.0 3.5 8.1 2.7
  no 192 (84.6%) 8.3 3.4 5.9 2.4
  p   .003 .631 .000 .198
Self-experience of mental illness yes 133 (58.6%) 8.5 3.6 6.5 2.4
  no 92 (40.5%) 8.3 3.3 5.9 2.5
  p   .386 .078 .070 .675
Own treatment experience due to mental problems yes 44 (19.4%) 8.6 3.8 7.3 2.7
  no 192 (79.7%) 8.4 3.4 6.0 2.4
  p   .254 .042 .001 .069
Knowledge about mental disorders yes 122 (53.7%) 8.4 3.7 6.8 2.6
  no 103 (45.4%) 8.4 3.1 5.7 2.2
  p   .957 .000 .001 .037
  1. 1 Varying sample sizes due to missing values
  2. 2 True symptoms: mean sum score about the recognition of the items that are part of the diagnostic criteria of depression or schizophrenia, respectively
  3. 3 False symptoms: mean sum score about the recognition of the items that are not part of the diagnostic criteria of depression or schizophrenia, respectively. A high false negative symptoms score reflects greater mental health literacy.
  4. 4 6 students in veterinary medicine included
  5. 5 1 student in theology included