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Table 2 Distribution of the interviewees who considered a symptom presented to be a main, an additional, or no symptom of depression (N = 221–225); only the first 5 symptoms are part of the diagnostic criteria of depression

From: Mental health literacy in an educational elite – an online survey among university students

  Main Sy.1 (%) Additional Sy.2 (%) False Sy.3 (%)
Depressed mood 209 (93.3%) 13 (5.8%) 2 (0.9%)
Reduced energy 200 (89.3%) 22 (9.8%) 2 (0.9%)
Bleak and pessimistic views of the future 192 (85.3%) 33 (14.7%) 0 (0%)
Disturbed sleep 112 (50.0%) 101 (45.1%) 11 (4.9%)
Considerable distress or agitation 84 (37.3%) 125 (55.6%) 16 (7.1%)
Disorientation for the own person 1 (0.4%) 22 (9.8%) 203 (89.7%)
Compulsion to wash 0 (0%) 28 (12.3%) 119 (57.6%)
Disturbed perception 7 (3.1%) 62 (27.6%) 158 (69.3%)
Vague thinking and distorted speaking 7 (3.2%) 67 (30.3%) 148 (66.5%)
Repeated revival of a trauma 15 (6.8%) 138 (62.2%) 69 (31.1%)
  1. 1 Main symptoms: respondents who considered the variables to be a main symptom of depression
  2. 2 Additional symptoms: respondents who considered the variables to be an additional symptom of depression
  3. 3 False symptoms: respondents who considered the variables not to be a symptom of depression