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Table 1 Physicians' response to patients' requests for anthrax prophylaxis. *

From: Patients' request for and emergency physicians' prescription of antimicrobial prophylaxis for anthrax during the 2001 bioterrorism-related outbreak

  Characteristic        
  Setting no (%)   State location no (%)   Emergency department type no (%)§  
Variable Urban Rural OR (95% CI) Eastern Western OR (95% CI) Academic Non academic OR (95% CI)
Received requests for antibiotics 38 (73) 26 (59) 1.9 (0.8–4.4) 33 (70) 31 (63) 1.4 (0.6–3.2) 21 (68) 41 (66) 1.1 (0.4–2.7)
Prescribed antibiotics for anthrax 10 (20) 6 (14) 1.5 (0.5–4.7) 6 (13) 10 (21) 0.6 (0.2–1.8) 7 (23) 9 (15) 1.8 (0.6–5.4)
Requested testing for anthrax 18 (35) 11 (24) 1.6 (0.7–4.0) 15 (32) 14 (28) 1.2 (0.5–2.9) 8 (26) 21 (33) 0.7 (0.3–1.8)
  1. Abbreviations: OR: Odds ratio; CI: Confidence interval.
  2. * The ninety-seven survey respondents were used in the analysis.
  3. Fifty-two physicians responded from practices located in one of the eleven "urban" counties that had a population density of ≥450 persons per sq mile in 2001.
  4. Forty-seven respondents were from eastern Pennsylvania, defined as the Northeast and Southeast Districts.
  5. §Thirty-one physicians responded from practices that were considered "academic" based on presence of training for residents or fellows.