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Table 5 Psychosocial work factors, by the proportion of respondents who had stopped smoking at follow-up. In Norwegian nurses' aides.

From: Work factors and smoking cessation in nurses' aides: a prospective cohort study

   Stopped smoking  
Baseline work characteristics N n Row % P
Quantitative work demands     0.320
1 537 54 10.1  
2 275 36 13.1  
3 529 49 9.3  
4 496 51 10.3  
5 390 32 8.2  
Positive challenges     0.237
1 304 38 12.5  
2 605 62 10.2  
3 452 43 9.5  
4 371 27 7.3  
5 490 52 10.6  
Role conflicts     0.276
1 355 39 11.0  
2 497 41 8.2  
3 325 41 12.6  
4 670 67 10.0  
5 373 33 8.8  
Control of work pace     0.903
1 361 36 10.0  
2 603 56 9.3  
3 325 34 10.5  
4 566 61 10.8  
5 369 34 9.2  
Participation in important decisions     0.459
1 340 31 9.1  
2 651 67 10.3  
3 322 34 10.6  
4 268 19 7.1  
5 640 70 10.9  
Fairness of immediate superior's leadership     0.302
1 510 50 9.8  
2 197 20 10.2  
3 654 66 10.1  
4 265 17 6.4  
5 596 67 11.2  
Support from immediate superior     0.992
1 402 41 10.2  
2 561 56 10.0  
3 279 27 9.7  
4 440 41 9.3  
5 543 55 10.1  
Social climate     0.969
1 372 40 10.8  
2 452 44 9.7  
3 405 40 9.9  
4 399 37 9.3  
5 596 61 10.2  
Feedback about quality of one's work     0.258
Never or very seldom 357 44 12.3  
Rather seldom 434 48 11.1  
Sometimes 724 61 8.4  
Rather often 497 50 10.1  
Very often or always 203 17 8.4  
Rewards for well-done work     0.742
Not at all or very little 991 105 10.6  
Rather little 334 34 10.2  
Some 497 42 8.5  
Rather much 290 30 10.3  
Very much 93 8 8.6  
Exposure to threats and violence at work     0.851
Never or very seldom 1302 132 10.1  
Rather seldom 286 29 10.1  
Sometimes 391 36 9.2  
Rather often 187 21 11.2  
Very often or always 60 4 6.7  
Exposure to bullying at work previous 6 months     0.067
No 2119 217 10.2  
Yes 106 5 4.7  
  1. N = Total number if respondents in each category; n = number of cases in each category. Row % = proportion of cases in each category. The total number of individuals included in these analyses was somewhat lower than the number of individuals who responded to the questionnaire, because not all respondents answered all questions. Index divided into quintiles; the lowest quintile is marked with 1, and corresponds with the lowest level of the index. Hence, in some variables (e.g. control of work pace), category "1" represents an unfortunate situation, and in other variables (role conflicts and quantitative work demands), it represents a positive situation.