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Table 4 SES and Injuries Among Females: Multivariable Results1

From: Socioeconomic status and non-fatal injuries among Canadian adolescents: variations across SES and injury measures

All Adolescents Total Injury (Unwtd N = 3333) Recreation Injury (Unwtd N = 3068) Non-Rec. Injury (Unwtd N = 3082)
  OR2 95% CI OR2 95% CI OR2 95% CI
Household Income3 (Reference=lowest)       
   Lower-Middle 1.2 (0.7, 2.0) 1.2 (0.6, 2.6) 1.2 (0.6, 2.3)
   Upper-Middle 1.1 (0.6, 1.7) 1.7 (0.8, 3.6) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2)
   Highest 1.3 (0.7, 2.1) 1.6 (0.7, 3.4) 1.1 (0.5, 2.2)
   Missing 0.8 (0.5, 1.2) 0.8 (0.4, 1.7) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3)
Neighbourhood Income3 (Reference=lowest)       
   Lower-Middle 1.3 (0.8, 2.0) 1.3 (0.7, 2.4) 1.2 (0.7, 2.3)
   Middle *1.6 (1.1, 2.5) 1.6 (0.9, 2.9) 1.6 (0.9, 2.9)
   Upper-Middle 1.2 (0.8, 1.9) 1.1 (0.6, 2.0) 1.4 (0.8, 2.5)
   Highest **1.8 (1.2, 2.7) 1.8 (1.0, 3.2) *1.7 (1.0, 3.0)
Neighbourhood Education3 (Reference=lowest)       
   Lower-Middle 1.1 (0.7, 1.6) 0.9 (0.5, 1.7) 1.2 (0.6, 2.1)
   Middle 1.3 (0.8, 2.0) 1.5 (0.8, 2.5) 1.2 (0.6, 2.2)
   Upper-Middle 1.3 (0.8, 2.1) 1.7 (1.0, 3.0) 1.0 (0.5, 2.0)
   Highest *1.7 (1.1, 2.5) *2.0 (1.1, 3.4) 1.5 (0.8, 2.7)
Adolescents living with parent/s Total Injury (Unwtd N = 2633) Recreation Injury (Unwtd N = 2421) Non-Rec. Injury (Unwtd N = 2420)
  OR4 95% CI OR4 95% CI OR4 95% CI
Blishen SES Index3 (Reference=lowest)       
   Lower-Middle 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 1.0 (0.6, 1.8) 1.2 (0.6, 2.1)
   Upper-Middle 1.0 (0.6, 1.6) 1.0 (0.5, 1.8) 1.1 (0.6, 2.1)
   Highest 1.3 (0.8, 2.0) 1.6 (0.9, 2.8) 1.0 (0.5, 1.9)
   Missing 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 0.8 (0.4, 1.6) 0.7 (0.3, 1.4)
Parental Education3 (Reference =< secondary)       
   Secondary 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 0.8 (0.4, 1.7) 0.8 (0.4, 1.8)
   Some post-secondary 1.0 (0.5, 1.7) 0.7 (0.3, 1.5) 1.2 (0.5, 2.8)
   College/trade diploma 1.1 (0.6, 1.9) 1.0 (0.5, 2.0) 1.1 (0.5, 2.5)
   University Degree 1.0 (0.6, 1.8) 0.9 (0.4, 1.8) 1.1 (0.5, 2.5)
  1. CI = confidence interval; non-rec. = non-recreation; OR = odds ratio; SES = socioeconomic status; unwtd = unweighted
  2. 1 Influential outliers excluded: 34 excluded from full sample analyses; 29 excluded from parent sample
  3. 2 Odds ratios adjusted for age, rural/urban status, living arrangements, and geographic region
  4. 3 Each socioeconomic status variable examined separately (not adjusted for other SES variables)
  5. 4 Odds ratios adjusted for age, rural/urban status, and geographic region
  6. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001 (relative to reference category)