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Table 1 The seven strategies for reducing the burden of TB and HIV that were evaluated

From: Cost, affordability and cost-effectiveness of strategies to control tuberculosis in countries with high HIV prevalence

1) Improving TB case detection rates so that the WHO target of detecting 70% of new smear positive cases is reached in 2005 and then sustained
2) Improving TB cure rates so that the WHO target of 85% is reached in 2005 and then sustained
3) Improving TB case detection and cure rates simultaneously so that both WHO targets are met in 2005 and then sustained
4) Offering a six-month course of treatment for latent TB infection (TLTI) to people who are found to be HIV-positive but who do not have TB disease
5) TLTI as in strategy 4 but for life
6) Providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) to meet the target set by the WHO's "3-by-5" Initiative (with ART considered both for all in need and TB patients specifically)
7) Reducing HIV incidence through prevention programmes