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Table 4 Mean overall difference in probability of current smoking between ethnic groups.

From: Comparative levels and time trends in blood pressure, total cholesterol, Body Mass Index and smoking among Caucasian and South-Asian participants of a UK primary-care based cardiovascular risk factor screening programme

  Men Women
  OR LCI UCI p OR LCI UCI p
Model 1b (overall difference between South-Asian and Caucasian group)
Ethnic group difference^ 0.48 0.38 0.60 <0.001 0.03 0.01 0.08 <0.001
Model 2b (trends by ethnic group)
Caucasian* 0.96 0.95 0.96 <0.001 0.97 0.96 0.98 <0.001
South-Asian* 1.01 0.93 1.09 0.858 1.42 0.99 2.04 0.059
Model 3b (Time trend difference between South-Asian and Caucasian group)
Interaction ethnic group × time** 1.07 0.99 1.15 0.093 1.49 1.04 2.14 0.032
  1. OR: Odds Ratio, UCI: Upper Confidence Interval, LCI: Lower Confidence Interval
  2. ^ adjusted for age and test year
  3. * adjusted for age, stratified by ethnic group
  4. **adjusted for age, test year, ethnic group and interaction term "ethnic group × test year"