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Table 3 Subgroup analyses for patients and physicians assessments (mean changes of outcome parameters after 24 months compared to baseline, negative Δ indicates improvement)

From: Homeopathic medical practice: Long-term results of a cohort study with 3981 patients

  Patients assessments (NRS) Physicians assessments (NRS)
  Mean† 95%-CI p value* Mean† 95%-CI p value*
Total (n = 3981) -3.3 -3.4 to -3.2   -3.9 -4.0 to -3.8 0,060
Gender
   Female (n = 2560) -3.4 -3.5 to -3.2   -3.9 -4.0 to -3.8  
   Male (n = 1412) -3.3 -3.4 to -3.1 0.387 -3.9 -4.0 to -3.8 0,060
Age groups (years)
   <10 (n = 839) -4.0 -4.2 to -3.8   -4.4 -4.6 to -4.2  
   10–19 (n = 355) -3.5 -3.7 to -3.2 <0.001 -4.3 -4.5 to -4.0 0.149
   20–39 (n = 1456) -3.4 -3.6 to -3.3 <0.001 -3.7 -3.8 to -3.6 <0.001
   40–59 (n = 1041) -2.8 -3.8 to -2.0 <0.001 -3.6 -3.8 to -3.5 <0.001
   ≥ 60 (n = 281) -2.6 -2.9 to -2.2 <0.001 -3.5 -3.8 to -3.2 <0.001
Baseline severity of disease
   NRS < 6.0 (n = 1660) -2.1 -2.3 to -2.0   -3.1 -3.2 to -3.0  
   NRS ≥ 6.0 (n = 2310) -4.1 -4.2 to -4.0 <0.001 -4.6 -4.7 to -4.5 <0.001
Duration of disease in adults (years)
   < 10 (n = 1878) -3.2 -3.4 to -3.1   -3.7 -3.8 to -3.6  
   ≥ 10 (n = 927) -2.9 -3.1 to -2.7 <0.001 -3.6 -3.7 to -3.4 0.043
Intake of conventional drugs at baseline
   Yes (n = 1788) -3.3 -3.5 to -3.2   -3.8 -3.9 to -3.7  
   No (n = 2188) -3.3 -3.5 to -3.2 0.157 -3.9 -4.0 to -3.9 0.029
Belief in homeopathy
   Strong (n = 2656) -3.4 -3.5 to -3.1   -3.9 -4.0 to -3.8  
   Weak (n = 1316) -3.1 -3.3 to -3.0 <0.001 -3.8 -3.9 to -3.7 0.563
  1. † estimations are based on generalised linear models, NRS = numeric rating scale; * per item each subgroup compared to the first listed subgroup